DMS Applied and Computational Mathematics Seminar

Time: Apr 12, 2024 (02:00 PM)
Location: ZOOM



Speaker: Yulong Lu (University of Minnesota, Twin Cities)

Title: Diffusion Models: Theory and Applications (in PDEs)


Abstract: Diffusion models, particularly score-based generative models (SGMs), have emerged as powerful tools in diverse machine learning applications, spanning from computer vision to modern language processing. In the first part of this talk, we delve into the generalization theory of SGMs, exploring their capacity for learning high-dimensional distributions. Our analysis shows that SGMs achieve a dimension-free generation error bound when applied to a class of sub-Gaussian distributions characterized by certain low-complexity structures.  In the second part of the talk, we consider the application of diffusion models in solving partial differential equations (PDEs). Specifically, we present a physics-guided diffusion model for reconstructing high-fidelity solutions from their low-fidelity counterparts. This application showcases the adaptability of diffusion models and their potential to scientific computation.