Trees of Alabama and the Southeast

Lisa Samuelson, Ph.D.
School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences
Auburn University

Ilex vomitoria

Leaves are 1-1.5 inches long, simple, alternate, and evergreen with rounded teeth on the leaf margin. Twigs are light gray and hairy when young. Bark is gray-brown and mottled. Fruit is a red drupe. Form is a shrub or small tree up to 8 m (26 ft) in height, often forming thickets. Yaupon is found in coastal forests of the southeastern U.S. and is sometimes used in landscaping. The fruit was used as a purgative by Native Americans. Deer browse the foliage and the fruits are eaten by birds and small mammals.

Photographs by Mike Hogan.

To view examples, click on the thumbnail below: