Trees of Alabama and the Southeast

Lisa Samuelson, Ph.D.
School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences
Auburn University

WINGED/SHINING SUMAC
Rhus copallina
Anacardiaceae

Leaves are shiny green, compound, alternate, and deciduous with 9-23 leaflets and green, wing-like leafy projections on the rachis. Twigs are red-brown with hair and conspicuous lenticels. Bark is warty and red-brown. Flowers are green-white. Fruit is a cluster of red-brown drupes. Form is a shrub or small tree up to 6 m (20 ft) in height with an open crown, often forming dense thickets due to root sprouting. Winged sumac is found in open areas in the east and central U.S. The fruits are eaten by birds and are very tart in taste.

Photographs by Mike Hogan.

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