Trees of Alabama and the Southeast

Lisa Samuelson, Ph.D.
School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences
Auburn University

Winged Elm
Ulmus alata

Leaves are simple, alternate, deciduous, doubly serrate, elliptical, up to 3 inches long, leathery and with a rounded, slightly uneven leaf base. Leaves of seedlings may be rough. Twigs can be corky-winged and buds are ovoid and black-red striped. Bark is brown-gray and grooved to somewhat scaly. Fruit is a notched, elliptical, hairy samara. The elms display a vase-shaped form. Form is up to 15 m (50 ft) in height and 61 cm (2 ft) in diameter with drooping branches. Winged elm is found on a variety of sites in the southeast U.S. and is tolerant of shade. The heavy, shock resistant wood is used for boxes, posts, and hockey sticks.

Photographs by Mike Hogan.

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