Trees of Alabama and the Southeast

Lisa Samuelson, Ph.D.
School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences
Auburn University

White Oak (White Oak)
Quercus alba

Leaves are simple, alternate and deciduous with 7-10 round lobes. Lobes lack bristle tips and sinuses range from deep to shallow. Buds are red-brown, round, and hairless. Bark is gray to white with loose and scaly plates. On very large trees the bark is grooved and more fissured. Fruit is an acorn about 3/4 inches long with a "knobby cap" covering 1/3 of the nut. The acorn matures in one season. Form is up to 30 m (100 ft) in height and 1.2 m (4 ft) in diameter. White oak is found on a variety of sites in the eastern U.S. and on more fertile, well-drained soils in Alabama. White oak is of intermediate shade tolerance. The valuable wood is used for furniture, flooring and trim. Acorns eaten by game birds, deer, bear and many small mammals.

Photographs by Mike Hogan.

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