Trees of Alabama and the Southeast

Lisa Samuelson, Ph.D.
School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences
Auburn University

SWAMP CYRILLA
Cyrilla racemiflora
Cyrillaceae

Leaves are simple, alternate, tardily deciduous, leathery, and smooth. Twigs are smooth and three-angled with chestnut brown buds, shield-shaped leaf scars and one bundle scar. Bark is mottled brown and smooth. White flowers are stalked on a single axis forming racemes. The characteristic stiff, elongated clusters of unwinged drupes may persist into winter. Form is a shrub or small tree up to 9 m (30 ft) in height often forming thickets. Swamp cyrilla is found in open areas in swamps and along streams and rivers in the southeast Coastal Plain. Intolerant of shade. Deer browse the foliage.

Photographs by Mike Hogan.

To view examples, click on the thumbnail below: