Trees of Alabama and the Southeast

Lisa Samuelson, Ph.D.
School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences
Auburn University

Swamp Chestnut Oak (White Oak)
Quercus michauxii

Leaves are simple, alternate, deciduous, obovate (wider towards the tip) with regular, rounded and shallow lobes. Lobes may be smooth or with mucronate tips. Bark is gray-brown and scaly. Terminal buds are ovoid, red-maroon, and smooth. Fruit is an acorn 1 1/2 inches long with the cap covering half the nut. The acorn matures in one season. Form is up to 30 m (100 ft) in height with a long straight bole. Swamp chestnut oak is found on wet sites in the east and central U.S. and is intolerant of shade. Swamp chestnut oak can be distinguished from chestnut oak and chinkapin oak by more obovate leaves, a larger acorn, and habitat. The wood is used as white oak lumber and was once used in making baskets. Acorns eaten by game birds, deer, and many small mammals.

Photographs by Mike Hogan.

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