Trees of Alabama and the Southeast

Lisa Samuelson, Ph.D.
School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences
Auburn University

Celtis laevigata

Leaves are simple, alternate, deciduous, and ovate with toothed margins, long pointed apices and 3 main veins arising from the petiole. Twigs are thin and zigzag. Bark is gray and smooth with corky warts. Fruit is a sweet, orange-red drupe. Form is usually up to 15 m (50 ft) in height but up to 30 m (100 ft) in height on good sites. Sugarberry is usually found on moist sites in the southeast U.S. and is tolerant of shade. The wood is used for furniture and boxes, and the fruit is a favorite of birds.

Photographs by Mike Hogan.

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