Trees of Alabama and the Southeast

Lisa Samuelson, Ph.D.
School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences
Auburn University

SPRUCE PINE
Pinus glabra
Pinaceae

Needles are fascicled, in groups of 2, about 3 inches long, blue-green, slender, evergreen and fragrant when crushed. Twigs are gray and smooth. Bark is gray-brown and smooth on young trees and grooved and "spruce-like" on older trees. Cones are about 3 inches long and gray-brown with deciduous prickles. Form is up to 37 m (121 ft) in height and 1 m (3 ft) in diameter. Spruce pine is found on wet sites in the southeastern U.S. and is very shade tolerant. The brittle wood is used for pulpwood.

Photographs by Mike Hogan.

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