Trees of Alabama and the Southeast

Lisa Samuelson, Ph.D.
School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences
Auburn University

Shumard Oak (Red Oak)
Quercus shumardii

Leaves are simple, alternate, and deciduous with 7-11 lobes bearing many bristle-tips, and sinuses that extend more than half way to the midrib. Terminal buds are blunt, gray, angled, and smooth. Bark is gray and smooth, becoming shallowly grooved on larger trees. Fruit is an acorn similar to northern red oak. Form is up to 30 m (100 ft) in height and 1.2 m (4 ft) in diameter. Shumard oak is found on bottomland sites in the south and south central U.S. and is intolerant of shade. The wood is used for trim, furniture and flooring. Acorns eaten by game birds, deer, bear and many small mammals.

Photographs by Mike Hogan.

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