Trees of Alabama and the Southeast

Lisa Samuelson, Ph.D.
School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences
Auburn University

Pinus echinata

Needles are fascicled, in groups of 2 and sometimes 3, 2-5 inches long, evergreen and flexible. Twigs are brown and scaly with red-brown buds. Bark is red-brown and plated, with small resin holes in the plates. Cones are approximately 2 inches long, gray and armed with prickles. Form is up to 30 m (100 ft) in height and 1 m (3 ft) in diameter. Shortleaf pine is found on a variety of sites in the southeastern U.S. and is intermediate in shade tolerance. The commercially important wood is used for pulpwood, plywood and construction lumber.

Photographs by Mike Hogan.

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