Trees of Alabama and the Southeast

Lisa Samuelson, Ph.D.
School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences
Auburn University

Red Buckeye
Aesculus pavia

Leaves are opposite, deciduous and palmately compound with 5-7 obovate leaflets. Stout light brown twigs show prominent yellow-brown terminal buds and shield shaped leaf scars. Bark is gray to brown and smooth. Flowers are red, showy and attractive to hummingbirds. Fruit is a capsule and poisonous. Form is a shrub, or a small tree up to 6 m (20 ft) in height, found in the understory on rich moist soils in the south and one of the first species to leaf out in the spring. The flowers are visited by hummingbirds.

Photographs by Mike Hogan.

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