Trees of Alabama and the Southeast

Lisa Samuelson, Ph.D.
School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences
Auburn University

Nuttall Oak (Red Oak)
Quercus texana
Fagaceae

Leaves are simple, alternate and deciduous with 5-7 bristle-tipped lobes that are variable in size, and deep U-shaped sinuses. The terminal lobe is usually elongated and the upper lobes point toward the apex. Terminal buds are brown, ovoid, and angled with some hair. Bark is gray and smooth becoming shallowly fissured with age. Fruit is an acorn up to 1 1/4 inches long with a pubescent, dark brown, striped nut and a cap that covers up to half of the acorn. The acorn matures in two seasons. Form is up to 36 m (120 ft) in height and 1 m (3 ft) in diameter. Nuttall oak is found in wet areas in the southern U.S. The wood is used as red oak lumber. Acorns eaten by water fowl and many small mammals. This species is known as Quercus nuttallii.

Photographs by Mike Hogan.

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