Trees of Alabama and the Southeast

Lisa Samuelson, Ph.D.
School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences
Auburn University

CHESTNUT OAK
Quercus prinus
Fagaceae

Leaves are simple, alternate, deciduous, elliptical to obovate, and shallowly lobed with smooth lobes. Bark is gray and deeply grooved on larger trees. Terminal buds are brown, stout, and smooth. Fruit is an acorn 1 1/2 inches long, narrow, and matures in one season. The acorn is yellow-brown and the cap covers half the nut. Form is up to 24 m (80 ft) in height and 1 m (3 ft) in diameter. Chestnut oak is found on dry upland slopes in the eastern U.S. Chestnut oak can be distinguished from swamp chestnut oak and chinkapin oak by deeply grooved bark and lack of tips on lobes. The wood is used as white oak lumber. Acorns eaten by game birds, deer, bear and many small mammals.

Photographs by Mike Hogan.

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