Trees of Alabama and the Southeast

Lisa Samuelson, Ph.D.
School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences
Auburn University

Bigleaf Magnolia
Magnolia macrophylla
Magnoliaceae

Leaves are simple, alternate, and deciduous, very large (18-35 inches long) and with an ear-like lobed base. Young twigs are stout and pubescent. The terminal bud is large, silky-pubescent, and has only one scale. Bark is gray and smooth with lenticels. Flowers are large and white, sometimes with purple blotches on the inside. Fruit is a cone-like cluster of red follicles. Form is up to 15 m (50 ft) in height. Bigleaf magnolia is found on fertile moist sites in the southeastern U.S. This tree is planted as an ornamental for the interesting leaves and flowers.

Photographs by Mike Hogan.

To view examples, click on the thumbnail below: