A teaching method is a combination of
a. one's views about the nature of language and language proficiency and language learning which may take the forms of an explicit theory or implicit assumptions and beliefs;
b. a set of pedagogical principles that determine what, when, and how teaching materials and classroom activities should be used;
c. the actual activities the learner and teacher are engaged in while teaching and learning a language.
|Anthony 1963||Richards and Rodgers 1986||I call them --|
|Approach - assumptions about the nature of language learning and teaching||Approach - theories of the nature of language and language learning||Theoretical foundations - theories, assumptions, and believes about what a language is, how a language is learned.|
|Method - overall plan for presentation of language materials||Design - objectives, syllabus, activities, learner roles, teacher roles, roles of materials||Pedagogical principles - the guidelines for selecting, organizing and implementing materials and activities.|
|Technique - what actually takes place in the classroom||Procedure - classroom techniques, practices and behaviors||Classroom activities - specific activities used in the classroom.|