Structure for Evaluating an Ethical Dilemma
Describe the action(s) that raises an ethical question.
Determine whether the action conflicts with relevant scientific conventions.
Articulate any relevant social or professional responsibilities that
the actor has in the situation.
Discuss what kinds of alternative actions would be ethically prohibited
and why they would be.
Identify a series of alternative actions that would be ethically permitted
in the specific case and discuss why they would be acceptable.
Identify which actions would be ethically encouraged in the case and
discuss why certain actions are better than others.
from Stern and Elliot (1997) The Ethics of Scientific Research: A
guidebook for Course Development. Hanover, NH: University Press of