Rainer Rawlinson



This lesson will help students identify /r/ represented by R. They will learn the correct pronunciation, how to locate it, and how to write the letter symbol R. They will learn to recognize /r/ in spoken words by meaningful representation (roaring lion).


Primary paper, pencil, one copy of Rotten Ralph, worksheets (1 per student), chart with tongue twister on it, word cards


1. Say:  Each letter in the alphabet makes a different sound. We are going to spend some time learning the different letters and learning about their different sounds. Today we are going to learn about the letter R, the letter R makes the same sound as a lion roaring. Can you roar like a lion?

2. Have you ever hear a lion say /r/oa/r/? Do you feel your mouth making the /r/ sound? Notice that when you roar like a lion your mouth is open and your tongue curls to the top of your mouth.

3. Let's see if we can hear the /r/ sound in some words. Let's try the word grass. I'm going to stretch grsss out really slowly, and I want you to listen for the /r/ sound. Pretend to roar when you hear it. G-rrrass. Did you hear it? Let's try it again. G-rrrrrrrass. I heard it that time. Let's see if you can hear it in some other words. Let's try the word roar. Roar like a lion when you hear the /r/ sound. Rrroarrrr. Did you hear it twice? Let's stretch it out again. Rrrrrrroarrrrrr.


4. Now we're going to try a tongue twister! [Teacher shows tongue twister on chart, pointing to each word as it is read.] "Roger the Rhino Ran away from Robert, Roaring lion." Now, say it with me and act like you're roaring when you hear the /r/ sound. "Roger the Rhino Ran away from Robert, the Roaring lion." [Teacher puts hands up and makes roaring face at the /r/ sounds.] Let's stretch the /r/ sounds out now." RRRogeRRR the RRRhino RRRan away fRRRom RRRobeRRRt the RRRoaRRRing lion. Now, let's break the /r/ sounds off the rest of the word, like this. /R/-oge-/R/ the /R/-hino  /R/-an away f-/R/-om /R/-obe-/R/-t the /R/-oa-/R/-ing lion.

5. Now lets practice writing the letter R. For the capital R start at the rooftop line and make a straight line down to the sidewalk line. Then take your pencil back up to the rooftop line and make a backwards "c" and bring your pencil to the fence line. It is a lot like making a "P." Then from the fence line make a diagonal line down to the sidewalk line. For the lowercase R start on the fence line and make a line straight down to the sidewalk line. Then take your pencil back up to towards the fence line and make a small hump to about halfway between the fence and sidewalk.

6. I want to hear everyone one now making the /r/ sound. Ready? 1, 2, 3 /r/r/r/r/r/r/r/! Do you hear our roaring lion /r/ in rose or nose? fun or run? rake or bake? bird or bug? pretty or ugly?

7. Teacher holds up a word card first. Students will look at the word and silently read it to themselves, "Raise your hand if you think the roaring R is in the word." Hold up FEAR, "Is there a roaring R in this word? If so where do you hear the roaring R?" "What about RUN? If so where do you hear the roaring R?" Hold up FROG, "does this card say FROG or LOG?" "Does FROG have the roaring R in it? Where? What about MAKE, does you hear the roaring R? What about ROAR? What about TIME?"

8. Now that you know more about the letter R, see if you can hear the sound the R makes in words. We're going to read some of Rotten Ralph. In this book, Sarah has a cat named Ralph, but he is a very bad cat. One day he gets in so much trouble that Sarah's dad kicks him out! What do you think will happen to him? Watch out for the /r/ sound while we read. When you hear it, I want you to act like you're roaring. Remember, the letter R says /r/. (Read a few pages of Rotten Ralph)



Students will complete a worksheet that requires them to match the "R's" with the words that start with an "R."


Gantos, Jack (1980). Rotten Ralph. Rubel, Nicole, ill. Sandpiper Publishers.

Worksheet from http://www.kidzone.ws/kindergarten/r-begins1.htm


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