Successful Summarizing

                                                              Michelle Jones

                                                     

                                                         Reading To Learn

Rational: The most important goal of reading is comprehension. Once students have become fluently readers, they need to move to the next checkpoint of reading which is reading to learn. One strategy that assists students in reaching that goal is summarization. Summarization is the process of identifying and recalling main ideas. The purpose of this lesson will be to have to students summarize a assigned passage. They will do this by asking themselves questions and learning the effective steps of summarization. Students will use the following rules: cross out information that does not necessarily matter, reduce parts of text into fewer words, and choose a topic sentence, to help them be successful at summarizing.

Materials:

Per Student:

Summarization Tips Bookmark

Sheets of Line Paper

Highlighter

Pencil

Copy of Hurricane Sandy Article

Teacher:

Copy of Hurricane Sandy Article

Document Camera

Highlighter

Pencil

 

 

 

 

 

Procedures:

1. “Today we are going to learn a new strategy to make us better readers! Can anyone think of a reason why we read? (Allow time for student's answers and discussions) …Yes, we read for entertainment or learn about new information. Right now we are going to focus on comprehending what we read or understanding what we read. When you comprehend what you read it means you understand what you are reading to the point where you can tell others about what you read and answer questions about it. A very helpful tool used to comprehend what we read is summarizing. Does anyone know what summarize means? Summarize means to put together all the important information about what you are reading. When we summarize information we are looking for the most important information and deleting information that is not helpful. Today we are going to do some stupendous summarizing!! When we summarize information today we are going to use some useful steps that will give you a good tool to use to figure out exactly what we are reading about. I am going to show you how to summarize and then we are going to practice and finally you will get to try it on your own!”

2. The first thing we do when summarizing is delete any information that is not important, this means when we read something that is not important to the main point of the article we cross it out with our pencil. The second thing we are going to do is read everything we have not crossed out and highlight the information that if definitely important and we have to have for the article to make sense. The third thing we are going to do is come up with a topic sentence that covers the whole text we have just read. This sentence will cover the main point of the article. (at this point you will need to make sure students understand what a topic sentence is and what the main point of the article means).

3. “Now that we have learned about the steps we need to complete to become successful summarizers we are going to give summarizing a try. I want you to remember all the steps we just talked about. (Display the steps where the students can clearly see, preferably writing on the board so they can see them while you are using the document camera.) We are going to follow these steps as we work as a class to summarize the article Hurricane Sandy Makes Landfall.

4. After each student has the article the teacher needs to introduce it. This article is about a hurricane that has happened recently.  Important information that this article tells us is when we read this article we want to know where the hurricane made landfall. How powerful was it? What cities did it affect and what kind of damage did it do? Our vocabulary for this article is hurricane (A storm with a violent wind, in particular a tropical cyclone that forms in the Caribbean.) and confluence(An act or process of merging.)

5. I am going to start by reading you the whole article. Do not mark on your paper yet. While I am reading I want you to be following along and try to pick out information that is very important to understanding the purpose of the article. Remember do not mark on your paper yet. When we have finished reading I will show you exactly what you need to do.

6. Now that the article has been read aloud to the class, use your document camera and model how to successfully summarize the first paragraph of the article. As you cross out and highlight be sure to explain why you are doing so and ask questions as you are doing it to keep the students engaged.

Hurricane Sandy made landfall as a Category 1 storm. Sandy produced winds of 90 mph with gusts of up to 115 mph. It's a mammoth storm that threatens 50 million people in the North East corridor. The National Hurricane Center said that the hurricane-force winds extend up to 175 miles from the storm's center, with tropical storm-force winds extended outward up to 500 miles. The areas expected to feel the full force of the stormincluding high winds and record flooding — include coastal New Jersey, Long Island, New York, and Lower Manhattan in New York City. More than a million people up and down the east coast are without power.

7. Now let's try to come up with a topic sentence for this first paragraph. Based on what we highlighted does anyone have any ideas? (Take ideas and write them on the board) Talk about each one and select the best one.

 

8. Now that we have our main idea I want you to use these steps to successful summarizing (written on board) and the example that we did with the first paragraph and summarize the first paragraph. Does anyone have any ideas? (Take ideas and then finish by writing the summary on the board.

 

“Hurricane Sandy made landfall as a Category 1 storm and threatens 50 million people in the North East Corridor. Coastal New Jersey, Long Island, New York, and Lower Manhattan in New York City is expected to feel the full force of the storm. “

 

9. Make sure there are no question and if all of the students understand. Review the steps that you wrote on the board and review the process you went through to summarize the first paragraph. Once the students are clear on the directions have them summarize the rest of the article on their own.

 

Assessment:

 When most of the class has completed the assignment, I will begin to call students one at a time to my desk and have the students read their summaries to me.  I will go through the assessment checklist while the students read their summary.  When they are finished, I will go over how they did/what they need to fix.

 


Assessment Checklist:

Students Name: _______________________________________ Date: ___________________

Yes     No    

_____   _____ Student  picked out the most important information

_____   _____   Student deleted unnecessary information

_____   _____   Student understood the information from the text/article/passage

_____   _____   student wrote a sentence(s) summarizing the most important parts of text

 

 

Summarizing is a very important skill but you must also make sure the student comprehended the information they read. For my other assessment I will have the students answer a few comprehension questions to ensure that they understood the article they read.

 

Comprehension Questions:

1. What was this article mainly about?

2. What city affected by Hurricane Sandy did this article focus on?

3. What week day was the storm considered the most damaging?

 

 

 

 

References:

Adams, Kelly. Becoming Skilled Summarizers, Reading to Learn. http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/doorways/adamsrl.htm

 

Hall, Meg. Summarizing is Super, Reading to Learn. http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/doorways/hallmrl.htm

 

Hurricane Sandy Article, Cecilia Gault, http://www.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=3757638

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hurricane Sandy Makes Landfall

 

Superstorm begins to pound northeast

By Cecilia Gault | October 29 , 2012

 

Hurricane Sandy made landfall as a Category 1 storm. Sandy produced winds of 90 mph with gusts of up to 115 mph. It's a mammoth storm that threatens 50 million people in the North East corridor. The National Hurricane Center said that the hurricane-force winds extend up to 175 miles from the storm's center, with tropical storm-force winds extended outward up to 500 miles. The areas expected to feel the full force of the storm — including high winds and record flooding — include coastal New Jersey, Long Island, New York, and Lower Manhattan in New York City. More than a million people up and down the east coast are without power.

New York City prepared for the superstorm's landfall by closing public schools, mass transit system, stock exchanges, and theaters on Broadway. Hundreds of thousands of people were ordered to leave their homes. New York is the nation's largest city. Lower Manhattan already had flooding on Monday morning hours before Sandy was expected to hit New York City. New York's Governor Andrew Cuomo closed two major tunnels and numerous bridges into Manhattan. Furthermore, the New York State Thruway Authority ordered the Tappan Zee Bridge closed. The George Washington Bridge was also closed. But Lower Manhattan isn't the only part of the city dealing with Sandy's destruction. At a construction site at 57th Street in midtown, a crane at the top of a skyscraper more than 80 stories high collapsed and is dangling from the top of the building. Emergency crews have evacuated surrounding buildings, and engineers are trying to find a way to keep the crane from falling to the street.

Sandy is the result of an unusual weather confluence creating a historic weather event with life-threatening storm surges. Forecasters called Sandy a worst-case scenario. The hurricane strengthened as it landed on the New Jersey-Delaware border, reaching 90-mile-an-hour winds, resulting in life-threatening storm surges. Thousands of people lost power in the northeast.

Many businesses closed in advance of the storm. Lucky Strike, a downtown bistro boarded up on Sunday and posted a hand written note stating, "Closed. We will open at 5pm on Tuesday." The most severe weather began on Monday at 6pm with powerful winds, downed trees and flooding. The worst of the storm is expected to move out of the area early Tuesday morning. But the city and other parts of New York and New Jersey will feel the effects of Sandy, including high winds, flooding, and disrupted public transportation, for weeks.

 

 

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