- A noun in Russian is in the nominative case when it is the subject
of the sentence, or when it simply names a thing or a person. In
these situations you don't need to put an ending on the noun. The
noun looks exactly as it is in a dictionary.
- Nouns in Russian can be classified as belonging to one of three genders: masculine, faminine, or neuter. All nouns in Russian have gender.
- In English, gender reflects the sex of the being to which the noun refers. In Russian, gender is a grammatical category.
- It is very easy to tell the gender of a noun in Russian. The ending of the noun in the dictionary form will most often tell you its gender.
- Masculine nouns in Russian end in a consonant:
- Nouns that refer to male beings are masculine, even if they don't end in a consonant:
- Feminine nouns in Russian end in the vowels -а or -я:
- Some feminine nouns end in a soft sign (ь):
мать, дочь, кровать
- Nouns that refer to females are feminine, even if they don't end in one of these two letters.
- Neuter nouns in Russian end in -o or -e:
Exercises: 0022, 0668g