Accusative case. Nouns

Inanimate nouns
  1. Nouns that end in the letter -a in the nominative case, have the ending in the accusative. Nouns of this type include all feminine and masculine nouns that end in the letter -a, such as газета, мама, папа, Атланта.
    nominativeaccusative
    книгакнигу.
    АннаАнну.
    папапапу.
    АтлантаАтланту.
  2. Unlike in English, changing the word order in sentences like these will not change the meaning. In a sentence like "Анну видит Сергей.", we know who sees whom (which is the direct object) by the ending of the noun. We know that Анну will be the direct object because it has an accusative ending.
  3. Nouns that end in the letter -я in the nominative case, have the ending in the accusative. These include all feminine and masculine nouns that end in the letter , such as Аня, дядя, Франция.
    nominativeaccusative
    АняАню.
    дядядядю.
    ФранцияФранцию.
  4. Feminine nouns that end in soft sign, neuter and masculine inanimate nouns, and all plural inanimate nouns, don't have endings in the accusative case. Their accusative case form is the same as the nominative.
    nominativeaccusative
    письмописьмо.
    матьмать.
    газетыгазеты.
    журналжурнал
Animate nouns
  1. Animate nouns refer to living beings (people and animals). Inanimate nouns refer to non-living beings.
  2. Masculine and neuter animate nouns have the ending -a if the stem is hard, and if it's soft.
    nominativeaccusative
    hard Вадим Вадима.
    профессор професора.
    soft Николай Николая
    Игорь Игоря?
  3. All animate plural nouns will have the same endings in the accusative case as in the genitive case.

Exercises: 0079
Related topics:
  • Use of the accusative case - tutorial #0046
  • Accusative case: Adjectives - tutorial #0041
  • Accusative case: Possessive adjectives - tutorial #0042
  • Accusative case: Personal pronouns - tutorial #0043
  • Accusative case: Interrogative pronouns - tutorial #0044
  • Accusative case: The modifiers этот, эта, это, эти, один, одна, одно, одни and весь - tutorial #0045