- Conjugation in grammar refers to changes in the verb form that depend on the subject. The subject in a sentence is the 'actor'.
- The subject can be one of six persons:
|3rd person||he, she, it||they
- In Russian, as in many other languages, the form of the verb changes depending on the subject. In English this happens with the verb 'to be': am, are, is.
- In most other verbs in English we see this change only in the third person singular form, where we add -s, or -es.
- In the present tense, Russian has a different ending for each person.
- Russian verbs may be looked at as falling into two basic categories, depending on the type of endings they will take: Class I and Class II. You may also see them referred to as conjugation I and conjugation II.
- Verb conjugation refers to the endings a verb will take with each of the subject pronouns: I, you (one), he, she, it, we, you (all), they.
- Except for the third person singular (he, she, it), verbs in English don't change much when they are used with other persons.
- In many other languages, however, you may see a different ending on the verb with each person. Russian is one of these languages. Russian has a different verb form for each pronoun.
- Verb endings in Russian are added to the stem of a verb. When we do this, quite often changes take place in the stem. For example, if the last letter of the stem is a consonant, it may disappear, or it may be replaced by another consonant.
First conjugation (-е-/-ё- verbs)
Second conjugation (-и- verbs)