By: Lauren DeLaRosa
Rational: The goal of this activity is to help students recognize the phoneme /o/ in written and spoken word. In order to be able to read, children must learn to recognize the spellings that map word pronunciations. In this lesson children will learn to recognize, spell, and read words containing phoneme /o/. They will learn a meaningful representation, they will spell and read words containing this spelling in a Letterbox lesson, and read a decodable book that focuses on the correspondence o = /o/.
Materials: Doc in the Fog (Educational Insights. California. 1990), letterboxes, /o/ Tongue Twister "Owen often observes offenses.", letter tiles: b,c,i,k,l,m,o,p,s,t,x, pictures of objects: mop, box, clock, shop, pencils, list of spelling words, assessment worksheet, picture of person taking a cool drink.
1. Say: In order to become expert readers we need to learn the code that tells us how to pronounce words. We have already learned some short vowel words with a and e, like rap and red. Today we are going to learn about short o. When I say /o/ I think of someone taking a cool drink and saying /o/ how refreshing.
2.Background Knowledge: "Raise your hand if have ever been to the doctor's office and had the doctor look down your throat? What does he tell you to say when he does this? That's right, he tells you to open up and say /o/." I want all of us to pretend that we are at the doctor's office and the doctor has to look in our mouths and say /o/. (Everyone should open mouth and stick out their tongues as if the doctor was really looking to practice.) Cue students by giving them a 1-2-3 count.
3.Okay, now we are going to try a tongue twister that involves several words with the /o/. "Oliver often observes offenses." Teacher says once then students repeat. Now, every time you hear a word with the /o/ sound I want you to really stretch out the /o/ at the beginning of the words. Let's try. I'll model first. "Ooooliver oooften ooobserves ooofenses." Now everyone else try it together. (Cue 1-2-3)
4.Now that we know how to recognize the /o/ sound in words, lets do some practice activities. I'm going to say two words and I want you to tell me which word you heard the /o/ sound in. Do you hear /o/hot or hat? Cat or dog? Offense or defense? Ship or shop? Mock or make? Great Job!
5.Now we are going to practice spelling and reading words by using our letterboxes. First, I am going to ask you to make words such as stop. You need to place each letter that represents the sound you hear in a box. For example [Model]: Stop- /s/ -/t/ - /o/ - /p/. I hear the /s/ first so lets place the letter that makes the /s/ sound in the first box. [Model] Does everyone have the letter s in the first box? Great! Now let's finish spelling our word. Does everyone have /t/-/o/-/p/? Great! That's t, o, and p. Now you try the following words:
dog, lot, box, mop.  shop, clock, blob, slip.  frost, strong.  prompt.
"Now let's go through the list of words together. I want you to read each word aloud."
Now I want you to read Doc in the Fog aloud to me. [Book talk] Do you like magic? Doc is a magician. We have to read the book to see what magic tricks are in store for us.
Students will be assessed on recognizing /o/ in spoken words as well as during the letterbox lesson. Students will also be given a worksheet after reading the book. The worksheet provides pictures of different objects with items that have the /o/ sound in their name and some that do not have the /o/ sound. Teacher will assess by informal observation at each table and listening to the students reading the name of the objects. Teacher should read all the names of the objects after the students begin circling the ones that have the /o/ sound.
Doc in the Fog (Educational
Insights. California. 1990)
Melanie Tew: Its obvious Your Sick, http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/persp/tewbr.html
Heather Langley: Dr. Ollie Says Open Wide and Say /o/, http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/voyages/langleybr.html
Assessment worksheet: http://www.free-phonics-worksheets.com/html/phonics_worksheet_v1-39.html
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