Fun with Fluency

Growing Independence and Fluency Design

By: Katie Price

 Rationale: For a reader to be successful he/she must consistently read fluently, accurately, and with expression. To become fluent one must practice by rereading text over and over again. By participating in repeated readings, students will become a fluent reader by decoding words, which will lead to automatic word recognition. This lesson will help students become fluent by testing their reading speed. The fluency formula used to test their reading speed is "words x 60/ seconds".  The teacher will chart the students' reading time to watch, as they are able to read the text faster. The more fluent students become the better they can comprehend the message of the text they are reading, leading them to become successful readers. 

 Materials: Pencil for each student, sentence strip "The dog likes to chase his tail," repeated reading checklist (one per student to use with a partner), timer/stopwatch per student, a copy of Amelia Bedelia for each student, reading chart for each student

 

 

 

 

Reading Checklist (1 per student to use on a partner)

 

Name: _________________________________________________

 

Partner's Name: ______________________________________

 

Time:                       After 1st read: ___________

                After 2nd read: ___________

                After 3rd read: ___________

After 2nd     After 3rd

 

1.     Remembered more words:                                          ________                _______

2.     Read faster:                                                                 ________                _______

3.     Read smoother:                                                           ________                _______

4.     Read with expression:                                                 ________                _______

 

_________ Reading Rate Chart

86+

 

 

 

81-85

 

 

 

76-80

 

 

 

71-75

 

 

 

66-70

 

 

 

61-65

 

 

 

56-60

 

 

 

50-55

 

 

 

WPM

1

2

3

 

 

 Calculate using: words X 60/ seconds

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Procedures:

 1. Teacher says: "To be a good reader you must be able to read fluently. To be fluent means that you are able to read words quickly, correctly, and with expression. If you can read a book fluently it will sound like you are having a normal conversation with somebody. This will help you to understand the story better and you will be able to understand what is going on. If I can read the words correctly, and quickly I will be able to focus on the story better! Do you think we can become fluent readers?? Yes we can, but only if we PRACTICE!! Let's get started!!"

 2. Teacher passes out a copy of Amelia Bedelia to each student, and keeps one for herself. "Have you ever been reading a book, and all of a sudden you come to a word on the page you don't recognize? When this happens you have to stop and sound the word out, which might cause you to forget what was happening in the story. If this happens it is best that you go ahead and finish the sentence then go back and try to figure out that word. After you figure out the word you didn't recognize, reread the word several times, so that it gets easier to recognize while reading. Today, we are going to be reading Amelia Bedelia several times, so that you can recognize words and so that they become easier for us to recognize."

 3. Teacher says: "If I read a sentence and it doesn't make sense what self-help strategy am I going to use? Remember we talked about what to do if a sentence does not sound right. Let's all say which strategy we are going to use together. Crosschecking, very good. I am going to crosscheck to see which word makes sense. Let's look at the sentence strip on the board. Listen as I read the sentence. 'The dog likes to chase his tall. That doesn't make sense. I am going to crosscheck, and think what word starts with a t and ends in l that has to do with dogs. The dog has a tall? Hmm. Oh! The dog has a TAIL. So, that means the sentence says 'The dog likes to chase his tail!' That word isn't tall, it's tail. As you read today I want you to remember to crosscheck. If you read a sentence and it doesn't make sense, remember to reread the sentence afterwards, so you can regain your comprehension, and store the word in your memory."

 4. Teacher Model: The first time you pick up a book you may not recognize some of the words. I am going to read the first sentence in the book The Cat in the Hat. The s-u-n, sun, did n-o-t, not shin. The sun did not shin? That can't be right. Sh-iii-n, oh shine! I noticed I had to stop a few times while reading this sentence. Let me try it again. The su-n did no-t shiiinne. This time was much better. Let me try again. The sun did not shine. Much better! I remembered the words after decoding them a few times. Now, I am going to read it again, but this time I am going to try and read it with expression! (Read the sentence with expression). Raise your hand if you could understand the story better when I read correctly and used emotion to read. Yes, it does make it easier when it sounds like I am just talking doesn't it? That's why it is important to read with expression. It helps me understand how the characters are feeling. I read the sentence over and over again which lead me to reading it faster, correctly, and with expression. Now I want you guys to try repeated readings to see if you can become a more fluent reader like I did.

 5. Teacher says: "Everybody open up your book Amelia Bedelia at your desk. Amelia Bedelia is a housekeeper for Mrs. Rogers. One day, Amelia Bedelia went inside of Mrs. Roger's house to do the chores Mrs. Rogers left for her, but she accidentally did everything wrong. She read the list correctly, but she thought everything meant something different. She cut up Mrs. Roger's towels, put dust on the furniture, took the light bulbs out of the lamps, and made a lot more messes. When Mrs. Rogers came home, she is going to see the big mess Amelia made! What do you think she will say to Amelia Bedelia? Do you think she will be mad? We will have to read to find out more!"

 6. Teacher says: "I want you to read silently at your desk until our timer goes off. Try and read to page 15. If you finish reading to page 10, start over and read it again. Keep rereading until you hear the timer go off". (Set timer for 10-15 minutes depending on the students reading abilities).

 7. Teacher says: "Now, I want you to get with a partner and you are going to read the book to your partner. (Pass out timers/stop watches to each student. Remind students how to work them. Also pass out the Reading Checklists to each student). One of you is going to read the book to page 15 while the other partner uses the timer to time the reader. The partner with the stopwatch can follow along with the reader as well. Read the set pages 3 different times to your partner. Remember to record the times that you scored on the reading chart. Use the Reading Checklist to see how well your partner did after they read to you three times. Hopefully, each time you do better! You will mark if they remembered more words, read faster, read smoother, and read with expression after each new reading.

 8. Assessment: Teacher says: "While you are reading to your partner I will be calling you up to my desk one at a time for you to read about 10 pages to me. Try and do your best with the reading, and I will time your score to see how fluent you are. (Use the fluency formula to determine the words read per minute). Also, I will ask comprehension question: "What were two things Amelia Bedelia did wrong?" "What did Amelia Bedelia do to the couches?" "How did Mrs. Rogers react to what Amelia Bedelia did to the house?" This will show me how many words you can read per minute. Each week the teacher will chart the students' scores to see improvement. 

 Reference:    The Reading Genie: Developing Reading  Fluency   http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/fluency.htm

READ,READ,READ, and Repeat By: Meredith Kiser http://www.auburn.edu/~mek0008/Kizergf.htm 

Amelia Bedelia by: Peggy Parish

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