﻿ Jumping Into Fluency

Jumping Into Fluency

A Growing Independence and Fluency Lesson Design
Created By: Jessica Klida

Rationale: To become successful readers, it is important that students learn to read fluently. Fluency allows students to read smoothly and use expression. Fluent readers can recognize words quickly, automatically, and effortlessly. In order to become fluent readers, students must build their sight vocabulary. To do this, students must move away from decoding and move to automatic word recognition. Repeated readings are used to help students recognize words automatically and become more fluent readers. In this lesson, students will develop fluency skills through repeated readings.

Materials
: Class set of Frog and Toad are Friends, Whiteboard: write "The frog jumped." and "Frog and Toad are friends." on the board, Student copies of Rubric Sheet, Pencils, Stopwatches, Graph to chart WPM (for each student), Cover-up critters

Rubric Sheet Example:

Name:____________________    Partner's Name:_____________________

Procedure:

2. Model: The teacher will then model how to use a cover-up critter to decode unrecognizable words. "Now, let's review how to use our cover-up critters to read words that we may not recognize. Look at this sentence (on board). 'The frog jumped.' "If I began to read this sentence and was unsure about this word (point to frog), I could use my cover-up critter to help me. I know o=/o/ so if I cover up the ending of the word, I have /f//r//o/. Now, if I uncover the ending, I can blend my sounds together. Oh! /f//r//o//g/--frog! 'The frog jumped.' My cover-up critter can help me decode words that I am unsure of. Be sure when you are reading today that you use your cover-up critter to decode any words that you are unfamiliar with."

5. Engage the students in a book talk for Frog and Toad are Friends. "Frog is waiting for his best friend, Toad, to wake up from his winter nap. But Toad is sleeping heavily and doesn't seem to want to get up. Frog keeps trying to wake Toad so that they can play together, but Toad keeps on sleeping. Will Toad ever wake up and play with his friend Frog? You are going to have to read to find out!"

6. Pass out copies of Frog and Toad are Friends to each student, along with a rubric sheet for them to fill out. Have the example rubric sheet displayed for students to refer back to. Remind students not to interrupt their partner as they are reading. Tell students to begin reading. Each student should read the first chapter 3 times and then swap roles with their partners.

7. Assessment: The teacher will take up the rubric sheets and calculate each students' words per minute with the formula: [words read x 60/seconds taken to read]. By calculating each student's reading speed, the teacher can see who may need more practice. To motivate the students, the teacher can graph each individual's progress until they reach their benchmark. If a student did very poorly, have them try again with the teacher.

References:
Goodson, Kristen. Growing Independence and Fluency Design. "Hopping into Fluency".
http://www.auburn.edu/~kmg0011/goodsongf.htm

Lobel, Arnold. Frog and Toad are Friends. HarperCollins 1990.