Chapter 5, Slide G - Speech Disorders


D. Classifying sounds (see vowel and consonant charts in book-Chapter 5)

1. By distinctive features


c. Place/point of articulation: where the sounds are made

  1. Sounds made with the lips: labials (p, b, m, w)
  2. Sounds made with the lips and teeth: labial dentals (f, v)
  3. Sounds produced with the tongue and teeth: lingua-dentals (th sounds)
  4. Sounds produced with tongue and upper gum (alveolar ridge): lingua-alveolars (t, d, s, z, l, n)
  5. Sounds produced with the tongue and hard palate (lingua-palatals) (sh, zh, ch, j, r, y)
  6. Sounds produced with the tongue and soft palate (lingua-velars) (k, g, ng)
  7. Sounds produced in the larynx (vocal folds): (h and glottal stop/plosive)