Emergent Literacy Design
Developing phoneme awareness is one of the first things children need to develop in order to learn to read. Without the ability to identify phonemes, they will be unable to separate sounds in words, leaving them unable to sound out new words as well as unable to spell them. In this lesson, students will learn about the phoneme /w/ which is represented by the letter w. A visual representation of the letter as well as a meaningful body movement will help them to see and remember this wiggly /w/. Students will apply this knowledge in phonetic cue reading when they work to distinguish rhyming words according to their initial sound.
3."Let me show you how to find /w/ in the word WASH. I’m going to stretch it out so that I can hear the sounds better. Wwww-aaaaaa-ssshhhh. Wwwwww-aaaaa-sssshhh. Oh, there it is! I felt my lips make a circle and blow out air!"
4."Now let’s say a tongue tickler. There are silly sentences that use the same sound over and over again so that we can practice it. [HAVE THE TONGUE TICKLER WRITTEN OUT ON A CHART OR SMARTBOARD.] I’m going to say it first: "Wiggly worms want waffles with walnuts." Let’s all say it together three times." After the third time: "Very good. We are going to say it one more time, but this time, let’s stretch out the wiggly /w/ and move our bodies like worms as we say them. Wwwiggly wwwworms wwwant wwwaffles wwwith wwwalnuts."
2.Ask questions so that the students can practice identifying the phoneme. "Do you hear the wiggly w in walk or run? Wish or get? Will or not? Whisper or talk? Whine or yell?"
3."Let’s see if you can spot our wiggly w mouth move in this sentence. If you hear it, I want you to wiggle like worms." Say slowly: "When Winnie wanted something, she went to the wishing well."
4."Let’s look at a book that has lots of "w’s. It’s about a little boy who went walking. On his walk, he saw a whole bunch of animals. Let’s read it to find out which animals he sees. While we are reading, I want you to listen carefully and practice your wiggly worm W mouth movement when you hear /w/."
5.[PULL OUT BIG CARDS.] "I’m going to show you how to decide if this says week or seek. W says /w/. So this word is www-ee-k. ww-ee-k. WEEK!" Now have the students try: PET or WET? WIN or DIN? BAIT or WAIT?
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