Shhhhhhh! The Fish are Sleeping!
This lesson is designed to help children recognize and understand the diagraph /sh/. In order for children to learn to read and spell words, they must learn the various digraphs that represent certain mouth movements. Children need to learn that digraphs are letter combinations that make one sound. This particular lesson focuses on the digraph /sh/. Children will learn to identify the /sh/ digraph through practice and modeling.
Pictures of items that have the /sh/ phoneme in them
Cards for each child with the digraph sh on them
Letterbox cards for each child
Letterbox letters: s, h, o, p, f, i, t, r, a, e, c
Text: One Fish, Two Fish, Red Fish, Blue Fish by Dr. Seuss, published by Random House Children's Books, 1966.
1. Introduce the lesson by explaining to the children that sometimes when two letters are put together they make one sound. Say: "Today we are going to learn about two letters at one time. Sometimes, when two letters are put together they make one sound. We are going to learn about the sound that s and h make when they are put together like this." I will then write the two letters together on the board for the children to see. "Now I want everyone to look at the cards on your desk. The cards have the sh on them."
2. Explain the sound of the digraph. "Have you ever been talking when you are supposed to be quiet and someone says shhhh to you? That is the sound that s and h make when they are put together." "I am going to say it again and then I would like you to say it like for you to try saying it with me this time. Can everyone say /sh/ together? Let's try." The children and I will all say the /sh/ sound together.
3. Practice with tongue twister and digraph sound. "Let's look at our tongue twister. I'll say it first and then I want you to repeat it after me. 'Shelly saw fish and shells at the seashore.' Now you try." The class will repeat the tongue twister. "Now I'll say the tongue twister again and I want you to raise your sh card when you hear the /sh/ sound. Say the tongue twister again. Shelly saw fish and shells at the seashore. Very good! Now I want you to listen to some words to see if they have the /sh/ sound in them or not. Do you hear /sh/ in shell or snap? Do you hear /sh/ in shake or snack? Do you hear /sh/ in fish or fiz?"
4. Letterbox lesson on the sh digraph. Say: "I am going to model for you by spelling the word, shell. Then I will give you several words to spell on your own, using the letterboxes at your desk. The children will spell shop, fish, trash, ship, fresh, crash. Now I will write each of the words we spelled on the board and we will read them together."
5. Read One Fish, Two Fish, Red Fish, Blue Fish by Dr. Seuss. "This book is a book about many kinds of fish! Dr. Seuss uses rhyming to describe all of the different fish in the story. Do you hear the /sh/ sound in the word fish? While I read this book to you, I want you to raise your /sh/ cards whenever you hear the /sh/ sound."
6. For assessment, I will show you several different pictures of items that have the /sh/ phoneme in them. I want you to say the word of each picture. (Example words: fish, wish, splash, ship, shape, shack, shake, trash,
s, h, o, p, f, i, t, r, a, e, c
Adams, Wendy. 2001. Shhh!...Quiet! http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/illum/wadamsbr.html
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