Early Civilization in the Middle East (Mesopotamia)
the "foundation" civilization

 Mesopotamia

A geographical term: the broad plain watered by the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

    Babylonia: The lower reaches of the plain, where the two rivers converge
        Akkad: the northern part of the region (modern Baghdad)
        Sumer: the southern part (the delta of the river system: Kuwait and part of Saudia Arabia)
 

Sumerians: establish the first  city-states: Ur, Babylon, Kish, Uruk and others

Map
 

Ziggarats

Cuneiform Writing
 

Epic of Gilgamesh

Mesopotamian Science and Math

Hummurabi's Law Code       lex talionis

Mesopotamian Art

Hebrews

Abraham of Ur

Israelites: the Hebrews in the land of Palestine

King David (1000 - 970 BCE)
King Solomon (970-930 BCE)

Jerusalem

Moses: Ten Commandments

Yahweh

Torah

Israel and Judah

Bablylonian Exile: Jews

Phoenicians and the Land of Canaan

Cities: Tyre, Beirut

Alphabetic Script
 
 

Egypt: The Gift of the Nile

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Map
 

Cataract: rapids and waterfalls

3000 BCE: United Kindgom of Egypt
    Capital: Memphis

Egyptian Political History: Timeline

 Pharaoh = King

Egyptian Enginnering: The Pyramids
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Egyptian Daily Life


 


 


 


 
 
 


 
 

Study suggestions for this chapter:  You should be able to identify the terms and people discussed above and in the text book.  Think about the ways in which Egypt and Mesopotamia were different.  In what ways were they similiar?  Can you identify "cultural heritage" that survives from these early cultures?