The Spirit of the Law illustrated and enforced

LESSON 10

The Spirit of the Law illustrated and enforced

Matthew 5:21-26


  1. What had been said by them of old time? (Matt. 5:21)

  2. Which of the ten commandments is here quoted?

  3. Where is it recorded? (Exodus 20:13)

  4. Does this commandment forbid the killing of people, or of animals generally?

  5. Is it lawful to destroy human life under any circumstances?

  6. What kind of killing is forbidden by this commandment?

  7. What is written in Gen. 9:6?

  8. Is there any express commandment in the New Testament requiring that the life of murderers should be destroyed?

  9. Does the general spirit of the Gospel justify or dondemn the practice of destroying the lives of criminals by the civil authority?

  10. What did the Jewish teachers say that the murderer would be in danger of?

  11. Did they suppose that people would be punished for entertaining murderous thoughts and designs if they did not actually destroy life?

  12. What did Jesus say on this subject in verse 22?

  13. Do you understand by this that he designed to destroy the law or to enforce it in regard to the thoughts and language as well as in regard to the conduct?

  14. What is meant by brother?

  15. Is anger sinful under all circumstances?

  16. What is a just cause for anger?

  17. Was our Lord ever angry? (Mark 3:5)

  18. Did he manifest a desire to injure those men whose hearts were so hard?

  19. Would it be right for us to injure those with whom we are angry?

  20. What does the apostle Paul say in Ephesians 4:26 concerning anger and the continuance of it?

  21. What does the apostle John say in 1 John 3:15 concerning him who hates his brother?

  22. What did Cain do when he was angry with his brother? (Gen. 4:5, 8)

  23. What were Joseph's brothers tempted to do when they were angry with him? (Gen. 37:18-20)

  24. Are we in danger of committing great sin so long as we are angry?

  25. Does anger naturally lead to murder unless it be checked and overcome?

  26. Of what did Jesus say a person should be in danger who hated his brother without a cause?

  27. What is meant here by judgment?

  28. Who did he say should be in danger of the council?

  29. What is meant by the council?

  30. What is the meaning of Raca?

  31. Who did Jesus say should be in danger of the punishment denoted by hell-fire?

  32. What is here meant by fool?

  33. What is here meant by hell-fire?

  34. Do the three degrees of guilt mentioned in this verse bear some proportion to each other?

  35. Should the three degrees of punishemtn bear a corresponding proportion? (see Rom. 2:6)

  36. Is there as much difference between calling a person Raca and calling him a fool as there is between temporal punishment and endless punishment?

  37. As the judgment and the council refer to earthly tribunals and the punishments they might inflict, is it reasonable to suppose the hell-fire refers to endless punishment in the future life?

  38. What may be learned from this verse concerning the consequences of disobeying the sixth commandment? (Jer. 17:10)

  39. In Matt. 5:23-24, what direction did Jesus give to those who were about to offer gifts on the altar and who might recollect that a brother had cause of complaint?

  40. What gifts were brought to the altar by the Jews? (Lev. 1:2; Deut. 16:17)

  41. What gifts should Christians offer? (John 4:23-24; Rom. 12:1; Heb. 13:15-16)

  42. What is the meaning of reconciled?

  43. Can a person worship God acceptably and profitably while at enmity against his brother?

  44. Can a person exercise fervent love towards God while he hates his brothers? (1 John 4:20)

  45. What general truth is to be learned from the direction of Jesus now under consideration?

  46. In Matt. 5:25-26, what direction did Jesus give his disciples concerning the speedy settlement of difficulties and disputes?

  47. What is here meant by adversary?

  48. Are difficulties more easily settled in the outset than when they have existed a long time?

  49. Might much trouble be avoided if people would make earlier efforts to agree with each other?

  50. Does God exercise a spirit of love towards people while they are still sinners? (Rom. 5:8)

  51. When he sent his Son into the world, was it his design to reconcile himself to people or to reconcile people to himself? (2 Cor. 5:19-20)

  52. Will he for ever imprison his debtors and casth them off utterly from his favor? (Lament. 3:31-33)

  53. Is it proper to understand the language of Jesus in this place as descriptive of punishement which God will inflict on his debtors?

  54. Is there any reason to belive that Jesus intended his disciples should regard their heavenly Father as their adversary?