Physical Exam

(Examen Físico)

The following phrases are common procedures used during a routine physical examination:

 I am going to examine you.

.

Voy a examinarte.

(Boy-ah ehx-ah-mee-nahr-teh)

Please sit up on the bed.

Por favor, siéntate en la cama.

(Pohr fah-bohr see-ehn-tah-teh ehn lah kah-mah)

I am going to check your head

Voy a revisar tu cabeza.

(Boy ah reh-bee-sahr too kah-beh-sah)

Lift your head.

Levanta la cabeza.

(Leh-bahn-tah lah kah-beh-sah)

Lower your head.

Baja la cabeza.

(Bah-hah lah kah-beh-sah)

Move it from side to side.

Muévala de lado a lado.

(Moo-eh-beh-lah deh lah-doh ah lah-doh)

I am going to check your eyes.

Voy a revisar tus ojos.

(Boh ah reh-bee-sahr toos oh-ohs)

Look straight ahead.

Mira hacia adelante.

(Mee-rah ah-see-ah ah-deh-lahn-teh)

Look up.

Mira hacia arriba.

(Mee-rah ah-see-ah ah-rree-bah)

Look down.

Mira hacia abajo.

(Mee-rah ah-see-ah ah-bah-hoh)

Follow my finger.

Sigue mi dedo.

(See-geh mee deh-doh)

Look straight at the light.

Mira directo a la luz.

(Mee-rah dee-rehk-toh ah lah loos)

I am going to check your ears.

Voy a revisar tus orejas.

(Boy ah reh-bee-sahr toos oh-reh-hahs)

Turn your head to the left.

Voltea la cabeza hacia la izquierda.

(Bohl-teh-ah lah kah-beh-sah ah-see-ah lah ees-kee-ehr-dah)

Turn your head to the right.

Voltea la cabeza hacia la derecha.

(Bohl-teh-ah lah kah-beh-sah ah-seh-ah lah deh-reh-chah)

I am going to check your nose.

Voy a revisar tu nariz.

(Boy ah reh-bee-sar too nah-rees)

I am going to check your throat.

Voy a revisar tu garganta.

(Boy ah reh-bee-sar too gahr-gahn-tah)

Open your mouth.

Abre la boca.

(Ah-breh lah boh-kah)

Close your mouth.

Cierra la boca.

(See-eh-rrah lah boh-kah)

Open again.

Abre otra vez.

(Ah-breh oh-trah behs)

Say "aah".

Di "aaa".

(Dee aaah)

Please swallow.

Traga, por favor.

(Trah-gah pohr fah-bohr)

Smile.

Sonríe.

(Sohn-ree-eh)

I am going to check your mouth.

Voy a revisar tu boca.

(Boy ah reh-bee-sahr too boh-kah)

I am going to check your teeth.

Voy a revisar tus dientes.

(Boy ah reh-bee-sahr toos dee-enh-tehs)

Stick out your tongue.

Saca la lengua.

(Sah-kah lah lehn-goo-ah)

I am going to check your gums

Voy a revisar tus encías.

(Boy ah reh-bee-sahr toos ehn-see-ahs)

 

I am going to check your arm.

Voy a revisar tu brazo.

(Boy ah reh-bee-sahr too brah-soh)

Lift your arm.

Levanta tu brazo.

(Leh-bahn-tah too brah-soh)

Extend it.

Extiéndelo.

(Ehx-tee-ehn-deh-loh)

Flex it.

Dóblalo.

(Doh-blah-loh)

Rotate it.

Rótalo/dale vuelta.

(Roh-tah-loh/dah-leh boo-ehl-tah)

Bend your elbow.

Dobla el codo.

(Doh-blah ehl koh-doh)

I am going to palpate your nodes.

Voy a palpar los nodos.

(boy ah pahl-pahr lohs noh-dohs)

Turn your forearm.

Voltea el antebrazo.

(Bohl-tee-ah ehl ahn-teh brah-soh)

I am going to check your hand.

Voy a revisar la mano.

(Boy ah reh-bee-sahr lah mah-noh)

Open your hand.

Abre tu mano.

(Ah-breh too mah-noh)

Make a fist.

Haz un puño.

(Ahs oon poo-nyoh)

Hold my finger.

Agarra mi dedo.

(Ah-gah--rrah mee deh-doh)

Tighten.

Aprieta!

(Ah-pree-eh-tah)

Lift your hand.

Levanta tu mano.

(Leh-bahn-tah too mah-noh)

Bend your wrist.

Dobla la muñeca.

(Doh-blah lah moo-nyeh-kah)

Extend your wrist.

Extiende la muñeca.

(Ehx-tee-ehn-deh lah moo-nyeh-kah)

I am going to examine the leg.

Voy a examinar tu pierna.

(Boy ah ehx-ah-mee-nahr too pee-ehr-nah)

Lift your leg.

Levanta la pierna.

(Leh-bahn-tah lah pee-ehr-nah)

Bend it.

Dóblala.

(Doh-blah-lah)

Bend your hip.

Dobla tu cadera.

(Doh-blah too kah-deh-rah)

Straighten your knee.

Endereza la rodilla.

(Ehn-deh-reh-sah lah roh-dee-yah)

Move your leg.

Mueva tu pierna.

(Moo-eh-beh too pee-ehr-nah)

Forward.

Adelante.

(Ah-deh-lahn-teh)

Backward.

Atrás.

(Ah-trahs)

I am going to examine your foot.

Voy a examinar tu pie.

(Boy ah ehx-ah-mee-nahr too pee-eh)

Push.

Haz fuerza, empuja.

(Ahs foo-ehr-sah, ehm-poo-hah)

Lift your foot.

Levanta el pie.

(Leh-bahn-tah ehl pee-eh)

Bend your toes.

Dobla los dedos.

(Doh-blah lohs deh-dohs)

Relax your muscle.

Relaja tu músculo.

(Reh-lah-hah too moos-koo-loh)

Now I am going to examine your chest.

Ahora, voy a revisar tu pecho.

(Ah-oh-rah boy ah reh-bee-sahr too peh-choh)

I am going to listen to your heart.

Voy a excuchar el corazón.

(Boy ah ehs-koo-char ehl ko-rah-sohn)

Donít talk.

No hables.

(Noh ah-blehs)

Breathe.

Respira.

(Rehs-pee-rah)

Breathe regularly.

Respira normalmente.

(Rehs-pee-rah nohr-mahl-mehn-teh)

Now take a deep breath.

Ahora, respira hondo.

(Ah-oh-rah, rehs-pee-rah ohn-doh)

Hold it.

Deténlo.

(Deh-tehn-loh)

Does it hurt to breathe?

Te duele al respirar?

(Teh doo-eh-leh ahl rehs-pee-rahr)

Cough!

Tose!

(Toh-seh)

Relax.

Descansa.

(Dehs-kahn-sah)

Sit upright.

Siéntate derecho.

(See-ehn-tah-teh deh-reh-choh)

Please lie down.

Acuéstate, por favor.

(Ah-koo-ehs-tah-teh pohr fah-bohr)

I am going to listen to our apical pulse.

Voy a oír tu pulso apical/latidos del corazón

(Boy ah oh-eer too pool-soh ah-pee-kahl/lah-tee-dohs dehl koh-rah-sohn)

Now I am going to examine your abdomen.

Ahora, voy a revisar tu abdomen/vientre

(Ah-oh-rah boy ah reh-bee-sahr too ahb-doh-mehn/bee-ehn-treh)

I am going to check your liver.

Voy a revisar tu hígado.

(Boy ah reh-bee-sahr too eeh-gah-doh)

I am going to palpate lightly/deeply.

Voy a palpar ligeramente/hondo.

(Boy ah pahl-pahr lee-heh-rahmehn-teh/Ohn-doh

Tell me if it hurts.

Dime si duele.

(Dee-meh see doo-eh-leh)

Turn onto your side.

Voltéate de lado.

(Bohl-teh-ah-teh deh lah-doh)

Take a deep breath.

Respira hondo.

(Rehs-pee-rah ohn-doh)

Let it out.

Exhala.

(Ehx-ah-lah)

I am going to listen to your lungs.

Voy a eschuchar los pulmones.

(Boy ah ehs-koo-chahr lohs pool-moh-nehs)

Breathe through your mouth.

Respira con la boca abierta.

(Rehs-pee-rah kohn lah boh-kah ah-bee-ehr-tah)

Again.

Otra vez.

(Oh-trah behs)

I am going to examine your genitalia.

Voy a examinar los genitales.

(Boy ah ehx-ah-mee-nahr lohs heh-nee-tah-lehs)

I have finished the exam.

Terminé de revisarte.

(Tehr-mee-neh deh reh-bee-sahr-teh)

Do you have any questions?

Alguna pregunta?

(Ahl-goo-nah preh-goon-tah)

 



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