For children to begin
to learn and spell words, they need the alphabetic understanding that
stand for phonemes. Then the spellings map out the phonemes in the
Before children can learn to match up letters to phonemes, they have to
to distinguish phonemes. Letter recognition is one of the number one
of reading success. This lesson concentrates on the /m/ phoneme. The
goal is to
get children to recognize /m/ in spoken words by learning a significant
representation and a letter symbol, and then practice locating /m/ in
Paper, Pencil, Chart paper with "Tongue
Twister", Book, The Very Worst Monster by Pat Hutchins, cards with m/?,
1. Introduce the
lesson by explaining that spoken and written language is made out of 26
letters that makes up the alphabet. Today
we are going to learn one of these letters and the sound it makes. The
we are learning today is the letter m
and it makes the /m/ sound. Once you know
the letter m and its /m/
sound, you will be able to find it in a lot of words.
2. Ask your students:
When you taste or smell food that is very good, what's the sound you
normally say? MMMM, very good! This is the
sound that m
makes. When making the /m/ sound, do you feel your lips together and
vibrate? This is what you should feel when making the /m/ sound. A word
has the /m/ sound is Mom.
Let's try and stretch the word mom out so you can
hear the /m/ sound, mmmoomm. Very good!
3. [Go to chart with
Tongue Twister] Let's go try a tongue twister! "Mommy's little monsters
munch on many marshmallows"
Let's try to say to together. Now let's say it by stretching out the
at the beginning of the m words like we did at the start of saying
Mmmommy's little mmmonsters mmmunch on mmmany mmmarshmallows. Great job
[Students get out their primary paper and pencils]
Explain to the students that we use the letter m to spell /m/.
Let's practice writing the letter m! First we
are going to practice upper case M.
[Model each step as you are explaining] Put
your pencil at the sidewalk and go straight up to the roof. Keep your
the paper and make a diagonal to the fence. Then go back up in another
to the roof. Next go straight down to the sidewalk! You have finished
case m! Let's try a lower case
m! Start at the fence and go
straight down to
the sidewalk, then start going back up toward the fence but then make a
make another hump but go straight down to the sidewalk. You just make
and lower case m! Now practice writing the letter m five times just
5. I am going to say
some words and tell me if you hear the sound /m/ in the words...
Hid or Ham?
Jam or Jet?
you hear the
/m/ sound put the card with a m on it
up in the air. If you don't hear the sound /m/
put the card
with the ? mark up in the air.
the book The Very Worst Monster by Pat Hutchins
and discuss the story together. Then have everyone
stretch out the /m/ in each other m
part of the lesson have a picture worksheet. The students will circle
the pictures that have
Bruce. 2008. The Reading Genie Website.
Liz. 2007. Mmmmmm Mmmmm
Click here to return to the Voyages