Comprehension is very important when it comes to successful reading. When students know how to properly summarize
a passage they are able to comprehend the meaning of it better. They
practice summarization to build their reading comprehension skills. Children should be able to pick out the
important points in passages every time they read. They need to be
to ignore the trivial points and focus on the bigger picture. With
proper instruction, children will become better readers.
- Highlighters and pencils
- Article, “The
Face of Mars” by Fran Downey in the October 2007 issue of National
Dana Jensen in the March 2008 issue of National Geographic
- Summarizing poster:
Delete anything that you know
important to the story.
pick out items and events
that you know
that covers everything the writer says about the topic
that you read about
- Deletes trivia and redundancies
- Locates important items and events
- Compose a statement that covers everything the
writer says about the topic
reading take your
often and THINK about what you are learning.
about your ideas from skimming and scanning. Are they matching what you
IMPORTANT TIP !!! When you don’t understand, STOP and reread!
notes and/or sketch(mind map) the main points on paper. ALWAYS write
your notes in your words using only key words from the text!
about what you read.
was most important?
there any confusing areas you should reread?
there any parts of the text you should mark as being most important?
will begin the lesson by explaining to the students how important it is
that they understand what they are reading. I will explain, “We have
already discussed how important fluency is, but it is equally, if not
more important to understand what it is you are reading!
We will review fluency strategies by discussing them as a class and
writing them on the board. Then we will do a quick practice with
fluency by getting in groups of two and practicing reading familiar
passages. When you understand what you read, we say you
comprehended the material. That means you
understand the main point of the passage you read.
We are going to learn how to pick out the important parts of
a passage, which is called summarizing.
anyone know what a summary is?” I will let
the students explain what they think it is. After
listening to a few answers I will explain that it is a brief
description of what you have previously read.
I will refer to the summarizing poster and explain that each step is
very important. “After you read a passage
look at these steps and follow them closely. First
you take out any details that seem unimportant or do not relate to the
rest of the story well. Your second
summary step is to pick out all the things in the story you know are
important! Finally, you want to write down a sentence or two that
covers everything important the writer was trying to say about the
topic. These three steps are very important to keep in mind when
reading and summarizing.
I am going to model summarization using the three steps on the poster. I will get the class to pull out an article
that we have previously read titled, “The Changing Face of Mars.” I
will start out by saying, “Okay everyone, please get out you articles
“The Changing Face of Mars” that we read yesterday.
I am going to model how to summarize using the three steps
that we just discussed. Make sure you pay attention to what is
important in the article and what can be looked over.”
As we go through the article I will explain why certain
points are important and why other points can be looked over. I will go over the three steps and write all
of the classes thoughts on the dry erase board.”
that you have seen me summarize, you are going to practice summarizing.
I am going to pass out an article about wild cats for everyone to
read!” I will pass out the article “Wild Cats” for the students to
practice with. I will then introduce the
article and let the students get started.
will let the students read the article silently first and while they
read, they will highlight sentences that they think are important. After they have read the article, we will
start the summary together. I will ask
them what they found in the first paragraph that they thought was
important. We will also go through the
first paragraph and mark through sentences that we think are
unimportant. After we do that as a class I
will tell them to go through the rest of the article and highlight and
mark out information like we did in the first paragraph.
the students finish reading and marking on the article, I will tell
them to break into groups of three to summarize the article based on
what they highlighted. Each group should
follow the three steps on the poster when wrting their summary.
their assessment, I will take up the group’s summaries. I will assess
each summary based on the summary checklist.
Face of Mars”
by Fran Downey in the October 2007 issue of National Geographic
“Wild Cats” by
in the March 2008 issue of National Geographic
Amy White, “Fly
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