Let the Air out of the Balloon
Rationale: It is
important for children to understand that the letters in the alphabet
phonemes that make up words. Before
students can match the letters to their phoneme however they have to be
recognize the phonemes in spoken words.
This way, they understand the connection between the sound and
written letter. This lesson is to help
students learn the consonant "S" and
the /s/ sound that it makes. Through the lesson, the students will
recognize the phoneme in spoken words and then recognize the written
that represents the sound. They will
practice finding /s/ in words.
Paper with, "Sssarah
sssea while sssitting in the ssssand."
a balloon with the letter "S" printed underneath it
Siena at the Store; the sound of S by
Cecilia Minden and Joanne D Meier
Picture page with sun, bug, star, window, snake, flower,
sword, table, chair, purse, sock, computer
- Begin the lesson by explaining that
our written language can be very tricky. "It
is like a code that every one needs to learn to crack. Once you have
cracked the code you are open to endless possibilities. You can
understand symbols all around you. You can
write messages to your friends and family and they will understand what
you mean. Our mouths move when we say words and the sounds that come
out represent letters which make up words. Today
we are going to work on the sound /s/ and notice the way our mouth
moves when we say it."
- Ask students: "Have you ever heard the
air come out of something? Like a balloon or a tire? It makes the /s/
sound. When you make the sound of air
coming out of a balloon that is the /s/ mouth movement we are looking
for. Let's pretend we see a balloon flying
around that has the air coming out of it. Move your hand in the air and
point to the imaginary balloon and let's make the /s/ sound together."
[Point up in the air and make a figure 8 like you are trying to keep
your finger on a moving balloon].
- "Now that we have learned the sound
and mouth movement of /s/, everyone look up here at the board! Here is a tongue twister I want you to try
(pass out sheet with tongue twister on it). Tongue
twisters can be tricky, but they are also fun, Listen to me read it
then we will say it together!" I say, "Sssarah ssscanned the sssea
while sssitting in the ssssand. Let's read
it together!" (We read it together.) "Now
let's read it again, but this time slower and break the /s/ sound off
the word: "/s/ arah /s/ canned the /s/ ea while /s/ itting in the /s/
- [Have students take out primary paper,
pencils and pass out the picture of a balloon with air coming out and
the letter "S" written under it.] "Remember
how I told you that the sounds that come out of our mouths are
represented by letters. The letter "S" is
used to spell the /s/ sound. Let's
practice writing the letter "S". Watch me
write it on the board. You start halfway
between the rooftop and the fence and curve up towards the roof. Once you get to the roof curve back to the
fence and then curve down to the sidewalk. Once
you get to the sidewalk curve back up and end in-between the sidewalk
and the fence. It weaves around kind of like a snake!
This is a capital "S" or a big "S". To
make a lower-case "S" or a little "S" you only use the area from the
fence to the sidewalk. Now I want everyone
to try a capital "S" on your paper (repeat the directions). I am going to walk around and see
snaky "S"s. When I put a sticker on your paper I want you to write nine
more "S"s on your paper. Now when you see
the letter "S" in a word, you know that it will make the /s/ sound".
- "Now I am going to show you how to
find /s/ in words. Listen to the word basket, I'm going to stretch out the word for you and I
want you to listen for /s/ like the balloon that is loosing air! B-b- b- a- a- S- S- S . . . .
* Do you hear it? There is the /s/! There
is the air blowing out of the balloon in basket!"
- Call on different students to tell
what they think is the answer and how they knew:
"Do you hear the /s/ in say or cut? Glass or bowl? Basement or attic?
Desk or table? Snake
or bear?" [Tell the students to use their balloon
picture] Hold up your balloon if you hear the /s/ sound in any of the
words I'm about to say. Sam,
packed, his, suitcase, to, ride, a, bus, to, Seattle, to, see, Aunt,
- Say: "Siena
and her mother go to the store to buy sandals. When
they get there they end up buying a lot more! They
buy surprises for their entire family! To find out what surprises Siena and her mother buy we have to read, Siena at the Store. Read Siena at
the Store and talk about the story". Read it again and have the
students raise their hands when they hear words with /s/.
List the words they hear on the board. Next
have the students write a message about the store and what they would
buy if they went using invented spelling! Display their work.
- Assessment: [Pass
out worksheet to each student] Say, "Get out your pencil and I want you
to circle every picture that has the mouth move /s/ in it".
Bruce. The Reading
Genie; Making Friends with Phonemes. http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/phon.html.
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