Next Stop - /Ch/ Station

train
Beginning Reading

Cambre Prater

 

Rational:  For children to learn to read, they need to be able to understand that letters represent sounds that when blended together allow us to read words.  When children are able to first connect individual letters to sounds then they are able to work on learning digraphs. Learning digraphs are very important for learning spoken words.  Digraphs can be tricky because you combine two letters together to make a new sound. This lesson will focus on the digraph /ch/.  The goal for the students will be to recognize the digraph in written and spoken words.

 

Materials:

Primary Paper

Pencils

Paper with, “Charlie chased Chad around the chair while playing chase.”

Picture of a train on it and the digraph /ch/ underneath it. 

           Champs; Sound out Chapter Books by Matt Sims

Letter boxes with bags of letters (one for every child). Letters: c, h, i, p, t, a, l, u, n, r

Worksheet with pictures on it:  chair, chips, match, light switch, charcoal, chocolate

 

Procedure:

  1. We have learned a lot of letters and the sounds that they make.  Sometimes though letters get bored being by themselves and decided to pair up and hang out.  When they come together they make a new sound.  One pair of letter friends that comes together a lot is the letters C and H.  When they come together they make the /ch/ sound. 
  2. Has anyone ever heard the sound that a train makes? It goes “Ch- ch ch- ch ch-ch Choo Choo.”  That is the sound the digraph /ch/ makes.  Now let’s make the sound together and move our arms like a train! (Demonstrate moving your arms in a forward clock way direction with your arms by your side!)
  3. Now that we have learned the sound that c-h makes when hanging out together, let’s look up here at the board!  I have written a sentence that I am going to say first and then we will all say it together! I read, “Charlie chased Chad around the chair while playing chase.”  (Pass out paper with tongue twister on it) Now lets all read it together! (Read it with the class).  Now this time I want us to read it slower and break the /ch/ off the word we read: “/ch/ arlie /ch/ ased /ch/ ad around the /ch/ air while playing /ch/ ase.”
  4. [Have students take out primary paper, pencils and pass out the picture of a train with the digraph /ch/ underneath it.]  Remember how I told you that /ch/ is represented by the two letters c-h?  Well I want us to practice writing the two letters together so you will be able to recognize it when you see it. You know how to write the letter c and you know how to write the letter h. On your paper that I have given you I want you to write ch ten times.  Remember when you are writing that a pair is just the two letters so make sure you put spaces in between your “ch’s.”
  5. Now I am going to show you how to find /ch/ in words.  I am going to use the word match.  I am going to stretch out the word for you and I want you to listen carefully for /ch/ like our train sound:  M-m-m- a- a- a- t- t- t- ch- h- h . . .Did you hear it? That is /ch/ in match! Very good!
  1. Now we are going to do a letter box lesson and identify the /ch/ in some words! Now I am going to give you a bag of letters to work with and our fold out letter boxes! Now remember, since c-h come together and decide to hang out they only make one sound so both letters go in one letter box! Here is an example: if I give you the word “chin,” I will say it and figure out that it has three sounds so I will need three letter boxes! Now I am going to find my letters and put them in my letter box.  I am going to use our sound /ch/ and the letters c-h that represent it and i = /i/, and n = /n/.  Now I am going to have the students use the letter boxes to spell out:

[3]- chip, much

[4]- pitch, china, lunch

[5]- crunch

Now that you are done I am going to try! (I am going to spell out the words and have the students read them).          

  1. Now we are going to read, Champs!  In this book, the big baseball game is coming up! Fred is their best player! They are all getting ready for the game when something awful happens, Fred breaks his leg! The team has to get a substitute to replace him for the game! Will he help the team when the game? To find out we have to read, Champs by Matt Sims! I want you to get in pairs and read the first two chapters of the book together. As you read look for /ch/ in words and write them down on a sheet of paper.  When you are done, we will discuss them as a class!
  2. [Pass out worksheet]- For the assessment, the students will have a piece of paper and have to circle the pictures that have /ch/ in the word.

 

Reference:
Murray, Bruce.  The ReadingGenie

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