"Ehhh?" An Elephant!!
In order for children to become skillful readers,
understand that a words spelling maps out the phonemes in the word.
phoneme has a unique mouth move. In order for students to become
readers they must learn these mouth moves and identify them with their
corresponding graphemes. Since short vowels are the hardest to
is what we will cover in this lesson. Students will learn the phoneme
e= /e/ by
learning a meaningful gesture, and identifying and reproducing the
written and spoken language.
Large picture of the grapheme e
Picture of 'hand cupped behind ear' phoneme gesture
letterboxes for every
student needs the following letters:
e s t f l d r n p b g h
Elf in the Tent by
Geri Murray (one per student)
White board/ dry erase markers
- Show the students a
large picture of the letter e.
Does anybody know the name of this letter and the phoneme it makes?
Very good, e says /e/. Everyone say /e/
and take notice of the position your mouth is in.
- Does anyone here have a
Grandfather or Grandmother that are 'hard of hearing'? When you tell
them something, have you ever seen them cup their hands around their
ear and question "Ehhh?" Show students a large picture of a person
cupping their hand behind their ear and saying /e/. Everyone
do the /e/ motion of cupping your hand behind you ear as if you can't
hear and say /e/. Model first so students understand what the gesture
should look and sound like. Very good.
- Now let's try a tongue
twister. Write: "Everybody saw Eddie and the Eskimo enter the
elevator on the elephant" on the board. Read aloud the tongue twister
slightly exaggerating the /e/ phoneme in the words. Ok, now lets all
say it together. This time, lets say it and really slow down and
stretch out that /e/ phoneme. When you hear /e/, cup your ear. I will
model how to do this first by cupping my ear and stretching out the /e/
phoneme in the words. Very
Now, with the help
of our letter boxes, we are going to
learn to spell several words with the /e/ phoneme. Every student needs
Letter Boxes and letter tiles of the following letters: v e s t f l d
r n p b g h. Watch me as I show you how to put each phoneme in
into separate boxes. Use an overhead projector or draw the boxes on the
so that all students can see the modeling. My
word has four phonemes so I have four
boxes. My word is shred. I will sound it out for us "sh-sh-r-e-e-d,"
makes one mouth move so it is one phoneme and I will put /sh/ in the
That cupped ear 'Ehhh' is right there in the middle, put I hear a
infront of it. In the second box I will put a r and in the third an e. I hear
the /d/ at the end, so I will put a d in the fourth box. Any questions?
Now I am going to say a few words and I want each of you to stretch
and find all of the phonemes in it. Give students 5-7 words to practice:
4 phonemes: fled,
5 phonemes: trend, slept, blend, strength
Make sure that students read words after they are done spelling all of
the words. Make sure to walk around to room to check
for accuracy and understanding.
- Now we are going to
read a fun book to help us learn more about the phoneme /e/. Introduce Elf in the
Tent by Geri Murray by giving a book talk. Jan
received a tent as a gift so her and her father decide to go on a
camping trip. Jan is very fond of her pet cat Elf, so she take him
along. One night, Dad smells something funny in the tent‰¥Ï to
what it is, read Elf in the
Tent by Geri Murray. Have students break off into small groups,
each with a copy of the text. Have students read aloud to one another
while you walk around the room to listen.
- After students read the
book, discuss as a whole what happened in the book or perhaps any
tricky words they came across.
- Finally, have the class
write a message on the topic "What would you do on a camping trip?"
Students must write at least one whole sentence. Remember to model on
the overhead how to make the letter e.
It is okay if students use inventive spellings.
- Assesment: Students are
given a sheet with pictures on it. Each picture represents a word.
Students are to circle the words with the /e/ phoneme.
Creaky Door E by Stephanie McLure