Spectacular Summarizers

 

Brittney Herring

 

 

Rationale:  The main goal of reading is comprehension.  Students can use the summarization strategy to better comprehend passages.  Summarization is the collecting of the most important statements in a passage. This lesson will help children learn how to summarize.  They will learn how to pick out the most important information of the text they are reading by using the summarization rules.

Materials:

-Copies of article, "Gorilla Rescue," by Scott Elder for each student and teacher  http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/Stories/AnimalsNature/Gorillarescue

-Poster with summarization rules on it:
           Checklist for each student with the following:

            1. delete unimportant information

`           2. delete repeated information

            3. substitute umbrella words for list items

            4. select a topic

            5. invent a topic sentence if there is not already one

-Poster with paragraph on it from "Lab Mice with Tans. Eeeek!"

http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/Stories/AnimalsNature/Micetans

Scientists have invented a lotion that gives laboratory mice a dark tan in just three weeks. No, they aren‰¥út planning to send the mice to the beach. But the research could be an important step in creating a lotion that helps humans avoid getting skin cancer. Everyone knows that people with pale skin‰¥äand especially redheads‰¥äare most likely to get sunburned. That‰¥ús because their skin isn‰¥út good at producing melanin, which protects skin cells by blocking the sun‰¥ús dangerous ultraviolet (UV) rays. Dr. David Fisher is an oncologist‰¥äa doctor who treats cancer. He was testing a lotion to see if it would cause mice to produce melanin in their skin, just like the sun does, without the danger of being exposed to the sun‰¥ús rays. The special ingredient in the lotion comes from a plant.

-paper

-pencils

-black marker for each student

-highlighter for each student

-Summarization Checklist:

Did the Student....

Yes

No

Get rid of unimportant information

 

 

Get rid of repeated information

 

 

Superordinate items and events

 

 

Select a topic

 

 

Write a topic statement that covers everything that is important from the passage of text

 

 

 

 Procedures:

1. I will introduce this lesson by telling the students that they are about to learn a spectacular reading strategy.  "Alright boys and girls today we are going to learn a new comprehension strategy called summarization. Can someone tell me what summarization is?  That's right! Good Job! Summarization means to take the most important ideas out of a passage.  We all can be spectacular summarizers! Let‰¥ús learn more about how can be spectacular summarizers!

2. First, I will review the crosschecking strategy with the students. So boys and girls what is something that spectacular readers do when they can‰¥út figure out what a word is while reading? Good Job crosschecking is right! (I will write the following sentence on the board)  I went across town the other day. ( I read the sentence incorrectly) I went across tone the other day. So students we know that the word tone made no sense in this sentence so I am going to use my crosschecking strategies to figure out that this word should be town.

3. Tell the students that: "To comprehend and understand what we read, we can use our summarization rules that are on this poster board."  Read the rules on the poster board aloud to the students.  "I now want you to read the article on the poster board entitled "Lab Mice with Tans.  Eeeek!".  Read the article silently to yourselves, and I will then show everyone how to summarize this article following the rules on the board after everyone is done with the reading. "

4.  So students I am now going to read the article with you. "Scientists have invented a lotion that gives laboratory mice a dark tan in just three weeks. No, they aren‰¥út planning to send the mice to the beach. But the research could be an important step in creating a lotion that helps humans avoid getting skin cancer. Everyone knows that people with pale skin‰¥äand especially redheads‰¥äare most likely to get sunburned. That‰¥ús because their skin isn‰¥út good at producing melanin, which protects skin cells by blocking the sun‰¥ús dangerous ultraviolet (UV) rays. Dr. David Fisher is an oncologist‰¥äa doctor who treats cancer. He was testing a lotion to see if it would cause mice to produce melanin in their skin, just like the sun does, without the danger of being exposed to the sun‰¥ús rays. The special ingredient in the lotion comes from a plant." So the first thing we need to look at when summarizing is to get rid of all unimportant information. What looks unimportant in this article? That‰¥ús right! The sentence, No, they aren‰¥út planning to send the mice to the beach, is unimportant.  Now is there any repeated information in the paragraph? There is no repeated information good job!  Now what are some of the most important statements in the paragraph? Scientists have invented a lotion that gives laboratory mice a dark tan in just three weeks, lotion that helps humans avoid getting skin cancer, pale skin‰¥äand especially redheads‰¥äare most likely to get sunburned, and skin isn‰¥út good at producing melanin, which protects skin cells by blocking the sun‰¥ús dangerous ultraviolet (UV) rays,  testing a lotion to see if it would cause mice to produce melanin in their skin, just like the sun does, without the danger of being exposed to the sun‰¥ús rays. Those are our most important statements! Now we have to come up with a topic, and I think it will be Lotion test on mice. Lastly we have to make a topic sentence. Mine will read as followed: Dr. David Fisher has found a lotion that is being tested on mice that may be able to help humans from getting skin cancer. Now boys and girls that is how we summarize! Now lets all be spectacular summarizers together!

5. "Now, I have a copy of an article from the National Geographic Explorer Classroom Magazine that you can read silently and then summarize."  I will provide the students with a book talk: So a baby gorilla has been found and rescued! The poachers killed her mother and took her to sell for money! These poachers didn‰¥út get away for long! Read this article and see how this baby gorilla is doing since she has been rescued!

6.  For an assessment I will have each child present to the class his or her summary and picture.  I will use the summarization checklist for each student. I will look to make sure each student followed the instructions on the poster board. I will also ask some comprehension questions to ensure theat the students understood what they read.

References:

Cadrette, Mallory.  What‰¥ús the Point?

http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/encounters/cadretterl.html

Mangum, Kathryn. Super Summarizers.

http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/encounters/mangumrl.html

 

 Return to Voyages Index