and Long O
Rationale: This lesson will help children identify /O/, the phoneme represented by OA. Students will learn to identify the phoneme /O/ in spoken language by learning the sound Oh. I will demonstrate the way a cow would make this sound. I will introduce this using a simple book containing multiple uses of the phoneme /O/.
Materials: Primary paper and pencil; book Frog and Toad Together by: Arnold Lobel (Harper Trophy, 1971) word cards with FLOAT, TOAD, SOAP, ROAM; assessment worksheet that allows students to identify words with /O/ sound.
Procedures: 1. Say: Our written language can be very hard to understand. One think that is very tricky is learning what letter or letters stand for-the-mouth moves we make as we say words. Today we're going to work on spotting the mouth move for the sound /O/. The phoneme /O/ is represented by the letters OA.
2. Let's pretend we are singing the alphabet song‰¥Ïl,m,n.o‰¥Ï.. Notice how you mouth moves when you make that sound. Your mouth makes the shape of the letter O when you say the letter O.
3. Let me show you how to find /O/ in the word boat. I'm going to stretch boat out in a super slow motion and listen for my O sound. B-oa-t. There it was! I felt my lips poke out and make an O shape.
4. Let's try a tongue twister. "Look at the goat in the boat floating on the moat." Everybody say it three times together. Now say it again, and this time stretch out the /O/ sounds in the middle of the words. " Look at the goooaaat in the boooaaat floooaaating on the moooaaat."
5. [Have students take out primary paper and pencil.] We use the letter O, O_E, OA, and OW to spell /O/ but today we are going to focus on OA. Lets write the lowercase o. Start on the sidewalk and make the letter o. Now make a lower case a so that you have oa. Okay now everybody show me how you can make the letters oa. Once I come around and tell you that yours is right go ahead and make 9 more oa's.
6. Call on students to answer and tell how they knew: Do you hear /O/ in Boat or button? Okay or other? Soap or Suds? Low or Load?
7. Say: "Now we are going to read the book Frog and Toad Together. You are going to take turns reading. As you read I want you to listen and look for the /O/ sound. Every time you hear or see the /O/ sound I want you to make say O and make your mouth make the O shape.
8. For assessment, distribute the worksheet. Students will be have to color the box in the picture that has the long o sound.
Return to solution index.
References:Internet: Brushing Your Teeth w F by Bruce Murray http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/sightings/murrayel./html
Book: Frog and Toad Together by: Arnold Lobel, New York, Harper Collins, 1971.
Assessment Worksheet: Consonants and Vowel Sounds Grade 1, by: Joanna Robinson, Learning Horizons, Cleveland, OH, 2009. P.35