Take a Ride with Frog, Toad

and Long O

Beginning Reading

Rachael Sealy


Rationale: This lesson will help children identify /O/, the phoneme represented by OA. Students will learn to identify the phoneme /O/ in spoken language by learning the sound Oh. I will demonstrate the way a cow would make this sound.  I will introduce this using a simple book containing multiple uses of the phoneme /O/.


Materials: Primary paper and pencil; book Frog and Toad Together by: Arnold Lobel (Harper Trophy, 1971) word cards with FLOAT, TOAD, SOAP, ROAM; assessment worksheet that allows students to identify words with /O/ sound.

Procedures: 1. Say: Our written language can be very hard to understand. One think that is very tricky is learning what letter or letters stand for-the-mouth moves we make as we say words. Today we're going to work on spotting the mouth move for the sound /O/. The phoneme /O/ is represented by the letters OA.

2. Let's pretend we are singing the alphabet songl,m,n.o.. Notice how you mouth moves when you make that sound.  Your mouth makes the shape of the letter O when you say the letter O.

3. Let me show you how to find /O/ in the word boat. I'm going to stretch boat out in a super slow motion and listen for my O sound.  B-oa-t. There it was! I felt my lips poke out and make an O shape.

4. Let's try a tongue twister. "Look at the goat in the boat floating on the moat." Everybody say it three times together. Now say it again, and this time stretch out the /O/ sounds in the middle of the words. " Look at the goooaaat in  the boooaaat floooaaating on the moooaaat."

5. [Have students take out primary paper and pencil.] We use the letter O, O_E, OA, and OW to spell /O/ but today we are going to focus on OA. Lets write the lowercase o. Start on the sidewalk and make the letter o. Now make a lower case a so that you have oa. Okay now everybody show me how you can make the letters oa. Once I come around and tell you that yours is right go ahead and make 9 more oa's.

6. Call on students to answer and tell how they knew: Do you hear /O/ in Boat or button? Okay or other? Soap or Suds?  Low or Load?

7. Say: "Now we are going to read the book Frog and Toad Together. You are going to take turns reading. As you read I want you to listen and look for the /O/ sound. Every time you hear or see the /O/ sound I want you to make say O and make your mouth make the O shape.

8. For assessment, distribute the worksheet.  Students will be have to color the box in the picture that has the long o sound.

Return to solution index.


References:Internet: Brushing Your Teeth w F by Bruce Murray http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/sightings/murrayel./html

Book: Frog and Toad Together by: Arnold Lobel, New York, Harper Collins, 1971.

Assessment Worksheet: Consonants and Vowel Sounds Grade 1, by: Joanna Robinson, Learning Horizons, Cleveland, OH, 2009. P.35