World Series Reading

Fluency Design

 Megan Lee


Rationale:  Practice plays a key role in learning to read with fluency. It leads to reading faster, smoother, and with expression for others to hear. Fluency also can help the reader grasp a better understanding of the text and gain a broader vocabulary. Today we will practice fluency with one-minute readings, crosschecking, cover ups, and repeated readings.


Individual copies of the fluency checklist (designated spaces for: remembered more words, reading faster, read smoother, and read with expression) for each student

Individual copies of the speed record sheets (designated spaces for: how many words the student reads in each one minute time interval) for each student

Individual copies of Lee and the Team. Educational Insights, c 1990.

Individual stop watches

Chart paper for the teacher to use to graph the fluency progress of each student


1.       I know each and every one of you have been working so hard on your reading skills. Today we will focus on fluency. Fluency is when we are able to read words smoother and faster. Fluency helps us understand stories and text better and we are able to learn new words.

2.       Do you ever get stuck on a word and you just cannot figure it out? Even good readers have that problem from time to time. Well I would like to show you something that can help you figure out what a word says. It is called a "cover up." If I have the word, stop and I can���t read it what do you think I should do? That���s right! I should cover all of the letters except for the vowel o. I will think to myself, "What does the o sound make /o/. Next I will uncover and look at the letters before the o.  What sounds do they make? S says /s/ and t says /t/. Now I will combine my letters and their sounds- /s/ /t/ /o/. Now I will uncover the last letter p. I will think of what sound p makes and combine all the sounds together. /s/ /t/ /o/ /p/ Now we have the word stop. Great job everyone!

3.       I will hand out our book for the day Lee and the Team. This book is about a boy named Lee who is the captain of his baseball team.  There is only one problem: Lee can't seem to get his team up to run. Lee gets an idea of how to make his team warm up. You will have to read and find out what great idea Lee has for his team.

4.       I know you are all so eager to read our new book so let me go over the checklist with you so everyone knows how to use it. Everyone will have a partner who they will read to. Each partner will be listening closely to their partner read. Each person will read the story three times. After the second and third times the partner (who is listening) will bubble in what they improved on on their sheet. Remember we are only giving positive feedback to our partners. I will be walking around and monitoring everyone and their abilities.

5.       I would now like for everyone to get out their stop watches and speed record sheets. We are now going to read our story again, but this time our partner will be timing you for one minute. After the minute is up, please stop reading and remember the last word you read. You and your partner will then count the number of words you read in one minute. Please write the number of words in the first blank of your speed record sheet. Now swap roles. Your partner will now read while you time them. We will do this until everyone has read the story three times. Record the number of words on your record sheet.

6.       For an assessment, I will call each child up individually to read me their books. I will do one minute reading and record the data on a graph. I will also be taking notes throughout the entire lesson for observations and alterations I might need to make.




Reference:   Meghan Ciampi, Score with Fluency.