Uncle Um likes his Umbrella


Beginning Reading


By: Pamela Gaddis


Rationale: Beginning readers must understand phonemes are important vocal gestures found in spoken words. The students must understand that they must be able to identify phonemes within words. Our lesson will focus on the correspondence of u=/u/, the children will practice saying the sound /u/, focusing on what moves the mouth makes when saying the sound. The students will also practice writing the letter U u to get a visual of how the letters look. This lesson will help students learn to recognize, identify, read and spell words with the short u sound, u=/u/ correspondence.


Materials: Dry Erase Boards, Dry Erase Markers, Pencils, Primary Paper, Elkonin Boxes per student, Letter Manipulatives (u, b(2), g, n (3), d (2), r, s, m, c, k) Flash Cards: words that contain the letter u (bug, bun, drum, duck, run, sun)  Book:  Bud the Sub (Cushman, Shelia. Carson, CA.  Education Insights.  1990. Pp. 1-9), Worksheet, Tongue Twister Chart:Tell a Fella Uncle Um likes his Umbrella. Letterbox Lesson 2 [up], 3 [bud, sub, tug], 4 [just, bump, stuck, plug, plum], 5 [trunk, grump]


Procedure: I will begin the lesson by first writing the letter U on the dry erase board for the class to see. Then I will ask; does any one know what letter is this? Does anyone know what sound this letter makes? Good Job! u makes the sound /u/, using the example: S-u-u-u-u-n, which is a form of modeling by stretching the /u/ sound.


 We will discuss how to write the letter u by the teacher modeling how the letter should be written, so while the students are watching me write on the dry erase board I will begin modeling the letter u. Now class remember the U is shaped like a skateboard ramp and to make the letter we start at the rooftop go down, around and back to the rooftop.


 After modeling for the students they will be given dry erase boards to practice writing the letter u for several minutes. Students it is now time for you to practice writing the letter u, so I would like for everyone to get some primary paper and write 3 rows with the letter u.


The introduction of the tongue twister. Class, I am going to say a tongue twister that will help you remember the sound the letter /u/. I will read it and you listen for the /u/ sound. Tell a Fella Uncle Um likes his Umbrella. Now class lets stretch the /u/ out as we say the tongue twister again.  Tell a Fella U-u-u-ncle U-u-u-m likes his U-u-u-mbrella. Excellent!


To check if the students are able to hear the /u/ sound in various words. I will begin asking questions to see if they will be correctly answered.  Do you hear /u/ in; sit or sun? Bug or bee?  Dress or drum? Run or race? If there are students having trouble with this activity then I will begin sounding the word out and write them on the dry erase board.  While allowing the students to think of words that have the /u/ sound.


The students and I will begin working with the Elkonin boxes to do our Letterbox Lesson. This activity allows the students to practice identifying the phonemes in each word. Each students receives a letter box and counts out the number of boxes they will be counting with. These boxes should be completely flat to have the most effectiveness. The students will also receive on the letters they will need for the letterbox lesson. Today class we will use the letterboxes to spell some words, each box stands for a sound you hear in the word. I will show you how to use the letters and the boxes to spell a word.

Now I will model how the Letterbox Lesson works. My word will be jump as in, I will jump off the bed.Using four boxes for the letters in the word I will add each letter in each box [j] [u] [m] [p], next I will use; the word is: trust as in, I trust you to do your own work. Using five boxes for the letters in the word I will add each letter in each box [t] [r] [u] [s] [t].

The words are listed by phoneme numbers; 2- [up], 3-[bud, sub, tug], 4-[just, bump, stuck, plug, plum], 5-[trunk, grump].  After doing the Letterbox Lesson we will have review words on index cards; club, drum, stuff, plus, stump, drunk, crunch, stunt, trust, scrunch. The students will receive sentences using each word given to help with the spelling. Great Improvement!


The students will then review flash cards and say the words from the flash cards. Good Job!


Once the Letterbox Lesson is complete the teacher will present the book Bud the Sub, for the student to read. Alright class I have a book that I would like for each of you to read named Bud the Sub. Book talk, in this book class Bud who is a Sub runs into trouble during his time on the water, to find out what happens you must read the book.


Assessment:  a worksheet given by the teacher. Enchanted Learning sheet. Students will draw lines from words to pictures.






Bud the Sub (Cushman, Shelia. Carson, CA.  Education Insights.  1990. Pp. 1-9)

Col, Jeananda. Enchanted Learning: Short E Words. http://www.enchantedlearning.com/alaphabet/matchwordsandpix/shorte/

Murray, B.A., and Lesnaik, T. (1999). The Letterbox Lesson: A hands on approach for teaching decoding. The Reading Teacher, 52


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