Moose Enjoy Magnificent Muffins
Sarah Frances Liles
Rationale: Grapheme and phoneme recognition is important to the reading achievement of a young reader. If children do not know letters in the alphabet and the sounds that they make, reading and writing will be very hard to them. In teaching letter recognition lesson the students need to learn the grapheme along with the phoneme it represents. I am going to teach letter identification by having the student write the letter and practice the sound. This lesson will help children learn the letter m. The goal for the lesson is for the students to able to write the upper and lower case m and know what sound it makes. Every letter is fundamental to the improvement of a child's reading success. This lesson shows the importance of grapheme/phoneme correlation to enhance fluency, so that reading will become easier to understand.
Materials: Poster board with the a big upper and lower case m on it
The tongue twister, "Moose enjoy magnificent muffins in May. " on chart paper
Picture cards (moose, muffins, house, jar of jam, store, pig, etc.)
If You Give a Mouse a Muffin by Laura Numeroff
Publisher: HarperCollins Children Books, 1991
Each child will need primary paper (2 sheets)
Procedure: Explain what we will be working on today. Today we are going to learn about the letter in the alphabet that is in between l and n. Today we are going to be learning about the letter m. The letter m is used in many words. I want us to learn how to write the letter m and hear the sound that it makes.
In order to active their knowledge of the letter m, I am going to hold up a poster board with a big upper and lower case m. This way everyone can see it. I will then ask the class, what letter is this? That is right!! This is the letter m. Does anyone know the sound that the letter m makes? The /m/ sound is right. The /m/ sound can be heard in words like: moose, muffin, milk, mint, and magnificent. Can you think of any words that begin with the sound /m/? When you say /m/ can you feel what your lips are doing? When I say the sound /m/, my lips go tight together then they mmm rolls off the lips while they are pressed together. Let's all try it and see. Put your lips together and say /m/. Did you feel it? Now let's try that same sound in a word. Let's say "milk," ready say "milk." Great job! You're doing great, let's practice some more.
I will introduce the tongue twister already written on chart paper: Moose enjoy magnificent muffins in May. Now everyone say it with me. "Moose enjoy magnificent muffins in May." This silly sentence has a lot of words that start with the letter m. Listen closely to how I put a lot of emphasize on the m sound. I will say the tongue twister using hand motion. Now I want you to say that and remember to hold out the /m/ sound. (They will say it) Great job!!! Let's say that three more times together. Ready?
Now that we know what sound the letter m makes we are now going to write it. Can everyone please get out a pencil while I bring you a piece of paper. I will pass out primary paper to each student. At the front of the room I will have a piece of chart paper so that I can model for them how to write the letter m. Now watch me as I write the letter m. First I am going to write the upper case M. After having them watch me I will allow them to write an upper case M. Now I want you to practice writing upper case M five times. I will be walking around so raise your hand if you need help. I will walk around and watch them write if anyone has a problem I will help them. Now we are going to write the lower case m. Now I want you to practice writing a lower case m five times. I am here for help if you need it. I will walk around and help if needed.
After we have finished writing the letter m, I am now going to go through some pictures to see if they can hear the /m/ sound in words. I am going to hold up two pictures. One picture will start with the letter m and the other will not. I want you to tell me what picture has the m sound in it. Ready? Which of these do you hear the sound /m/? I will hold up one card with a moose and the other with a pig. What picture is this (hold up the pig) class will say, Pig. Then I will hold up the picture of the moose. Class what is this a picture of? Class will say, A moose. Now what picture has the /m/ sound in it? Class will say, moose. I will have other pictures like this and I will go through them in the same way.
I will now read the story, If You Give a Mouse a Muffin by Laura Numeroff. I have a book I want to share with you. The name of this book is If You Give a Mouse a Muffin. Please raise your hand when you hear the /m/ sound. I will now read the story.
First I will pass out some primary paper and get the students to write the letter m in upper and lower case. They write them each three. Also another way to assess my class I will have a paper that will have objects on it. These objects will start with different letters, but they mostly will have objects that start with p. I will tell them to color only the pictures that start with m. I will pass out worksheet and explain directions. This worksheet will help me to assess them individually since we have been doing everything else as a class.
Thornton, BeLinda "Pigs Love Pink Pancakes" http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/odysseys/thorntonel.html
Autrey, Sarah "The
Patty the Pretty Pig" http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/constr/autreyel.html
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