Rationale: Children should
recognize the phonemes that are represented by letters in spoken words.
One part of this process is recognizing individual phonemes. In this
lesson, Children will be learn to identify the phoneme /h/, by engaging
in using chanting a tongue twister, determining if /h/ is in a spoken
word, representing /h/ on paper, and playing a fun detective game to
practice finding /h/.
Materials: "Henry the Hound" on
chart paper, marker, primary paper, pencils, paper bags, items that
begin with /h/ placed around the room- hat, heart, house, hog, etc.
1. Introduce the lesson by
telling students that they will be phoneme detectives. Phoneme
detectives look for clues to help them figure out the mouth movements
that letters represent. Our phoneme mystery for today will be /h/.
Henry our trusty hound dog will be helping us will our mystery.
2. When Henry is tired from a
long day of looking for clues he breathes like this (stick tongue out
and pant like a dog /h/ /h/ /h/). /h/ is a clue for our phoneme
mystery. I want everyone to practice panting like Henry. This is a clue
that we be looking for in our words.
3. Lets try this tongue twister
on our chart.
- Teacher: “Henry the hound dog
has hundreds of hairy friends.”
- Lets all say it together:
“Henry the hound dog has hundreds of hairy friends.”
- Now lets stretch out the /h/
at the beginning of the words: “Hhhhhenry the hhhhhhhound dog has
hhhhhhundreds of hhhhhhairy friends.”
- This time break the /h/ away
from the rest of the word: “/h/ enry the
/h/ ound dog has /h/ undreds of /h/ airy friends.”
4. Pass out primary paper and
pencils. There is another clue we can use to find /h/ in words. We can
use the letter h at the beginning of words to represent /h/. For h, we
start at the rooftop, come down and hump over. Practice making your h
on your paper. I will come around and check everyone’s work.
5. Now I am going to show you
how to find /h/ in the word heart. First I need to stretch it out and
say it slowly and listen for Henry panting. Hhheeaarrtt. Hhh.. I can
hear Henry panting at the beginning of the word. Another clue to use is
that /h/ is found at the beginning of words.
6. Ask students to listen and
see if they hear Henry panting in… house or room? cap or hat? help or
aid? hand or fist? tap or hit?
7. Group students into groups
of 3 or 4. Give a bag to each group. Tell them that they are going to
practice their detective work. Ask them to look around the room and
find and item that begins with /h/. When they get back to their desk
each individual student should write a sentence using invented spelling
about the item that their group found.
8. For assessment, look at each
student’s work. Check their item and look to see if they wrote it down
using the letter h at the beginning of the item word.
Reference: Yopp, H. K., &
Yopp, R. H. (2000). Supporting phonemic awareness development in the
classroom. The Reading Teacher. 54, 130,135-143.
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