Ed the Elephant


Beginning to Read
Rebekah Woods

Rationale: This lesson will help children recognize the phoneme /e/ that is represented by E. For children to become better readers they have to recognize phonemes in spoken words. This lesson will help children reach mastery by spelling, writing and reading.


Picture of a rocking chair

Letterbox squares

The letters: f,l,e,d,s,p,b,n,c,t,r

Elf in the Tent book (http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/bookindex.html)


Primary paper

Note cards with the words reviewd during the letterbox lesson

Assessment worksheet (What begins with E? kidzone.com)



Introduce: today we're going to learn what sound the short e makes. Has anyone ever sat in a rocking chair? What kind of sound does it make? Right! It makes a /eeeee/ sound. We are going to practice making that sound. When saying the /e/ sound we slightly open our mouths and place our tongue on the bottom of our mouth. Try that a couple of times. Good!


Now we're going to read the tongue twister, "Ed the Elephant loves to enjoy eggs every morning." Now all of you say it together. Good job!  Now every time you hear the short /e/ sound I want you to stretch it out.  "Eeeed the eeeelephant loves to eat eeeegs eeevery morning." You all did a great job!


I am going to say some words and I want you to clap your hands whenever you hear the /e/ sound we have been practicing. Do you hear /e/ in:

Bed or tom

Red or hat

Fled or trip

Ben or flat


Pass out primary paper to each student and tell them we are going to practice writing the letter e. First model to the student how to draw the letter, starting in the middle between the fence and sidewalk you will draw a straight line towards the right window and curve up and touch the fence. Go towards the left window and draw a curve down to the sidewalk. Go towards the right window with a little curve. You should finish halfway between where you started the e and the sidewalk. Now I want all of you to try. I have checked all of your papers and you are doing an awesome job! Let's try writing it 4 more times.


Now students we are going to practice spelling with the short e. Using out letters and letterboxes we are going to spell out each mouth movement we make when reading a word. I am going to do the first word. The word is pet, I move my mouth 3 separate times when I say it /p/ /e/ /t/.  Now I want you to try with the following words 3- {bed, red} 4- {sped, cent, bend} 5- {blend, spent, slept}.  I will walk around and check to make sure each child is spelling the words correctly. I will have the kids read the words they just spelled. (Using note cards)


Each child will be given a copy of the book, Elf in the Tent. I will introduce the book to them by giving a book talk, Jan gets a new tent and she can't wait to go camping with her dad. But then they run into some trouble when they have an unexpected visitor. To find out who it is you have to finish the book. I will have each child read the book to themselves but I will go around and have each child take a turn reading parts of the book aloud to me.


After reading the children they will write a short message about what their favorite holiday is.


For assessment, I will give each child a worksheet were the children will have to draw a line from the words with a short /e/ sound to a box.



Elf in the Tent by Geri Murray

Murray, Bruce. Phoneme pictures for phonemes.

Hood, Lara. http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/sightings/hoodbr.html

Assessment- http://www.kidzone.ws/kindergarten/vowels/e-begins1.htm

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