Click Your Camera for C

Sarah Walton

Emergent Literacy

Rationale: This lesson will help children identify /k/, the phoneme represented by C. Students will learn to recognize /k/ in spoken words by learning a meaningful representation (clicking a camera) and the letter symbol C, practice finding /c/ in words, and apply phoneme awareness with /k/ in phonetic cue reading by distinguishing rhyming words from beginning letters.

Materials: Primary paper and pencil; chart with “Callie cooks cold carrot cake”; drawing paper and crayons/markers; Dr. Seuss’s Cat in the Hat; word cards with CAR, CASH, TAPE, CAKE, LOST, and CAP. Assessment worksheet found at:


1. Say: Our written language is very tough sometimes. The hard part is figuring out which letter makes each sound and the movement that your mouth makes for each letter. Today we are going to work on spotting the mouth move /k/. We spell /k/ with letter C. C looks like the button you push on a camera to take a picture, and /k/ sounds like clicking your camera when you take a picture.

2. Let’s pretend to take a picture, /k/, /k/, /k/. [clicking a camera]. Notice what position your mouth is in when you say /k/. When we say /k/, you open your mouth to say /k/, and then end with your mouth open as well. You try, and see what I mean. Air comes out of your mouth as you say the /k/ sound.

3. Let me show you how to find /k/ in the word because. I’m going to stretch because out in super slow motion and listen for my camera click. B-ee-c-c---ause. Slower: B-ee-c-c-c-a-use. There it was! I felt my mouth open and stay open after that /k/ sound, and then I said the rest of the word. I can feel my mouth make that camera /k/ (click) in because.

4. Let’s try a tongue twister (on chart). “Callie cooks cold carrot cake.” Everybody say is three times together. Now say it again, and the time, stretch the /k/ at the beginning of the words. “Cccallie cccooks cccold cccarrot cccake.” Try it again, and this time break it off the word: “/k/ allie /k/ ooks /k/ old /k/ arrot /k/ ake.”

5. (Have students take our primary paper and pencil) We use letter C to spell /k/. Capital C looks like a button on the camera. Let’s write the lowercase letter c. Start on the fence line, and then bring it down and around to the bottom line to make a little c. It will look just like the capital letter C, but a little c. I want to see everybody’s c. After I put a smile on it for super, I want you to make nine more just like it.

6. Call on students to answer and tell how they knew: Do you hear /k/ in dog or cat? Jar or can? Camp or home? Walk or climb? Clean or dirty? Hot or cold? Father or doctor? Say: Let’s see if you can spot the /k/ (click) sound on some of these words. Take your picture if you hear /k/: car, bat, rug, came, cup, sit, saw, in, cop, the, card, come. 

7. Say: Let’s look at a fun rhyming, alphabet book. Dr. Suess tell us about a silly animal whose name starts with a C. Can you guess what it is? Read, and draw out/k/ in “C-c-cat in the hat.” Ask the students if they can think of other words with /k/. Ask them to make up a rhyme that has one word that starts with /k/ like Cat in the Hat does, like bake the cake, or the car drives far. Then have each child write their rhyming title that they came up with, and then let them draw a picture of their word that starts with /k/. Display their work in the classroom for everyone to see each other’s ideas.

8. Show CAR and model how to decide if it is car or far: The C tell me to take my picture, /k/, so this word is ccc-ar, car. You try some: CASH: cash or bash? TAPE: cape or tape? CAKE: cake or make? LOST: lost or cost? CAP: tap or cap? 

9. For assessment, distribute the worksheet. Students are to circle the picture that starts with the letter C and makes /k/ sound. They can then color each word that they circled.

Assessment worksheet:

T. Smith Publishing. 2006. (main website that I got the worksheet from)

Bruce Murray. Brush Your Teeth With F

Samantha McClendon. Who is Knocking at that Door Door Door?

 Return to Projects index