Read it, Think it, Draw it!

Reading to Learn - Visualization

Shelley Steiner 

Rationale: To become a great reader, one must know how to comprehend the text as they read. A very important skill that readers can use to help build comprehension is visualization .  Being able to visualize the events in a story helps students to know the plot of the story.  As readers begin picturing the story in their mind, they become actively engaged in the story. This lesson will help students learn to visualize what they are reading by assisting them in creating mental images of the reading in their minds. 
- What Do You Say When a Monkey Acts This Way? by Jane Belk Moncure (1 copy of text only for each student)
- Copy of poem for each student
-White paper and crayons for each student
-Assessment checklist for each student (in lesson plan)
-model drawing for visualization sentences
1.     "Today we are going to practice visualizing story as we read it.  Does anyone know what it means to visualize? "You are exactly right; when you visualize something, you picture it in your mind based on details in the story even though a picture is not actually provided.  I’m sure everyone has visualized something before whether you realize it or not. 
2.     Let’s practice for just a minute.  I want everyone to close your eyes and think about walking on the beach while I read.
3.     Read aloud your visualization passage to the class:
"The sand feels hot on my bare feet. I felt the burning hot sun rays bursting heat on my cool body. The smell of the salty sea water poured into my nose and the soft sounds of the ocean covered my ears. I am so relaxed at the beach."    
4.     Observe the students…after most students have opened there eyes and spent time for visualizing announce
"Now, if I call out your name from my name jar, I want you to tell me what you saw as I read about the beach. (Make sure to give the students extra time to think of how to explain what they saw)  "Good job students!  I will take a guess and say that you each saw a person (maybe yourself) walking on the beach noticing things with your senses…heat, sounds, smells."
5.     "Alright you all are doing great! I have another questions for the class,what is silent reading? 
6.     Outstanding!  Silent reading is when we read in silence to ourselves so that we don't bother others around us.  When we read silently, we can see pictures of what is happening in the story in our own minds, and that is how you visualize a story.
7.     Give each student a copy of "The Library – A Magic Castle," by Jane Belk Moncure.  "Now I want you to silently read the poem to yourself."  Allow time for children to read while you also read the poem silently.
8.     After students have read poem silently, read it aloud to them while they close their eyes and visualize.  "When I read this poem, I saw a castle like Cinderella’s that was high above the clouds with tall windows with words on them. Raise your hand and tell me something you visualized."
9.     (Allow share time).  Hold up a previously drawn picture of what you visualized while reading the poem.  "This is my picture of what I visualized in my head."  Explain to the class why you drew what you did. 
*a castle sitting on clouds with huge colorful windows covered in random words.
10.  Give each student a text copy of What Do You Say When a Monkey Acts This Way? .
11.  Say,"This is a new book we will read in class today. It is about Little Monkey who stays pretty busy every day of the week. Little Monkey manages to keep up his good manners the whole time. To find out what happens to Little Monkey let’s read the story.  
12.  Tell the students, "I want you to read the story silently and draw a picture of one thing you visualize while you are reading."  Allow time for students to read and draw
13.  Finally, reread the story to the class and show the illustrators pictures.
Each student will present their own image by telling the class about the image they drew.  Assess the student’s drawings based on that the pictures depict an event in the story as well as their ability of telling the visualization to the class.  
Use a checklist for assessment:
Student accurately depicted an event ________
Student accurately explained an event from the book _________.
Could you pick one action (like Little Monkey's) for each day of the week that you could do? Explain
How did you remember that particular part of the text?
What could be an alternative ending to the story?

"The Library – A Magic Castle"

Come to the magic castle

When you are growing tall.

Rows upon rows of Word Windows

Line every single wall.

They reach up high,

As high as the sky,

And you want to open them all.

For every time you open one,

A new adventure has begun.


Monsure, Jane Belk.  What Do You Say When a Monkey Acts This Way? The Child’s World, Inc.  1988.