Click! Creating a Picture From the Text
Reading to Learn Design
Rationale: When students read text, it is essential that they are able to comprehend it through various strategies. One of the most effective strategies is visualization. Visualization is being able to picture images from the book in one's mind as they read a text. After visualizing material, it makes it easier to commit it to memory for later use. In this lesson, we will work on student's visualization of the text by drawing illustrations.
Blank pieces of paper (1 per student)
Markerboard and markers
Copies of the poem "My New School" by Kenn Nesbitt
Copies of the poem "Messy Room" by Shel Silverstein
Esperanza Rising by Pam Munoz Ryan (1 copy for each student)
Assessment Chart: yes or no: attention to detail in illustration? Relate to a scene in chapter one? etc.) (1 per student)
-Did they correctly answer comprehension (plot and setting) questions given on bottom of page?
1. First, we're going to review how to read a sentence with fluency. Write the sentence "Chad has a dog." on the board. "First, I am going to read the sentence without fluency. Ccchhaaadd hhhhaaassss a ddddoooogggg. Next, I am going to read the sentence with fluency. Chad…has…a…dog. Do you hear the difference between reading with and without fluency?" Read sentence again. "Chad has a dog. This time I read the sentence with fluency. Remember, the more that you read the more fluent you will become.
2. Say: "Today, we are going to work on comprehension. Comprehension is very important to be a successful reader. Can anyone tell me what comprehension is? That's right. It is understanding and making sense of what we read. There are many different strategies that we use to accomplish this and one of these is visualization. Does anyone know what visualization is? Right, it is picturing things. When you were younger, all of your books had pictures in them, right? They helped tell the story. Now that you are older, a lot of your books do not have pictures, but you are still able to picture what is going on in your mind. That is visualization."
3. Model visualization to students. Say: "I am going to read the poem 'My New School' by Kenn Nesbitt aloud. As I read, I am going to picture in my mind what is going on." Read poem aloud to class. "Ok as I read, I pictured a person with many different talents like juggling and twisting balloons. I also saw a person with different color hair and big floppy shoes. Then, at the end, I found out that it was a clown! Now I am actually going to draw this picture on the board so that you can see what I was visualizing in my mind." Explain why you are drawing what you are drawing as you go.
4. Give each student a copy of "Messy Room" by Shel Silverstein. Ask each student to read it silently
5. Say "Now I am going to read the poem aloud. I want you to close your eyes and visualize what I am saying as I read." Read poem aloud.
6. Have students quietly discuss with their neighbor what they see or picture in their minds. After a few minutes, ask for volunteers to share what they imagined the messy room looked like.
7. "You are doing a great job visualizing the poems that we have read! Now we are going to move on to a chapter book that does not have any pictures: Esperanza Rising." Give book talk: "Esperanza Rising is about a young girl who grows up as a rancher's daughter in Mexico. After the father suddenly dies, Esperanza and her mother are left with nothing so they travel to the United States to find work and a new life. Will they be successful? What will happen when they arrive in America? What type of work will they get? How different will it be from their previous life?"
8. Say "Today, I want you to read chapter one silently. As you read, use your visualization strategy to help you comprehend the story. It is important to picture what is happening as you read to help you remember and understand the text."
9. After they read chapter one, have the students draw on a piece of paper what they visualized as they read. Also write a short description of what they drew and why.
10. I will assess students comprehension by their drawings from chapter one as well as their written descriptions of their drawing. (i.e. Did it accurately depict a scene from chapter one? Is there attention to detail? etc.)
On the bottom of the page, ask: Where does this chapter take place? Who are the characters in it? What are they doing?
Lewis, Amy. "Read It, Picture It!". http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/odysseys/lewisrl.html
Ryan, Pam Munoz. Esperanza Rising. 2000.
Nesbitt, Kenn. "My New School". http://www.gigglepoetry.com/poem.aspx?PoemID=487&CategoryID=37
Silverstein, Shel. "Messy Room". http://famouspoetsandpoems.com/poets/shel_silverstein/poems/14818
Smith, Leah B.
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