The 5 W's of Reading

Malissa Lopez

Rationale: 
Reading comprehension is an important skill for students to master so that they can understand what they are reading.  This lesson will help students to realize the importance of reading comprehension.  Students will learn how to apply comprehension strategies so that they can understand and retain the information that they are reading.  The comprehension strategies that I will teach the students will be the five W's:  Who, What, When, Where, Why.

Materials: 
º Pencils
º Paper
º Class set of Sarah, Plain and Tall by Patricia MacLachlan.

Procedures:
1.  "Today we are going to learn about Reading Comprehension.  When we read books it is important to understand and remember what we have read, so that we can apply our knowledge.  You can do this by asking yourself five simple questions while you read.  The questions are Who, What, When, Where, and Why.

2.  Review silent reading.  "You can ask yourself these five questions while you read silently to yourself, so that you can understand and remember what you are reading.  Silent reading is a great way to read at your own pace and make sure that you comprehend what you are reading."

3.  Read the story, Sarah, Plain and Tall, aloud with students.  While reading the story stop to discuss the five W's with the class; explain that by asking yourself these questions throughout the story you are remembering more.  During discussion ask the students questions such as: Who are the main characters of this story? What is happening in the story that is important to remember?  During what time period does this story take place? Where does this story geographically take place?  Why did specific events have importance during this story?

4.  Pass out the class set of Sarah, Plain and Tall.   Instruct the students to read silently to them and answer the five W's on a sheet of paper while they are reading.

Assessment:
Collect the student's paper to see if they comprehend what they are reading.

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References:
Melissa Jackson
http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/breakthroughs/jacksonrl.html
Catherine  Kirsch
http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/chall/kirschrl.html