Super Summary Synopsis


Lauren Davidson

Reading To Learn

winking bear

                                            

Rationale: Students nee do learn how to summarize text. By summarizing, students will be able to better understand what they are reading. Students will follow steps to find the main idea and important details in what they are reading. These steps to summarization will help students to find meaning in the text.

Materials:

- One copy per student of the article "Polar Bears Listed as Threatened" from 
National Geographic Kids (April 12, 2009)
- A chart of the 5 summarization steps:

1. Pick out important details that are necessary to the story.

2. Pick out the less important or repeated ideas and eliminate them.

3. Highlight the important and necessary details using key words.

4. Pick a topic sentence

5. Invent a topic sentence if there is none.

Procedure:

1. “Today we are going to learn how to read text and understand it's meaning by using summarization. First I want to talk about reading silently. Can someone tell me what silent reading is? Silent reading is when we read quietly to ourselves. Why do you think we read silently? There are many reasons but the most important reason is that we read silently to understand what we are reading.  Summarizing what are reading can also help us understand what we are reading. This makes the text shorter by taking out information that's not that important. Summarizing helps us better understand what we are reading.  We are going to look at 5 steps that can help us summarize what we read and we are going to practice summarizing an interesting article about helping the endangered Polar Bears that I found on the internet!”

2. Give students the chart of five steps (listed below)

1. Pick out important details that are necessary to the story.

2. Pick out the less important or repeated ideas and eliminate them.

3. Highlight the important and necessary details using key words.

4. Pick a topic sentence

            5. Invent a topic sentence if there is none.

“These are five steps that help up to summarize text. First, we should pay attention to the important details. When we read, we need to pay attention to what the whole story is about and remember and write down the most important things. We need to weed out what isn't as important such as repetitive details and things not related to our purpose for reading it. Next, we need to look for key words that tell us necessary details. It is also important to pick a topic sentence from the text and if there isn't one, we should invent one.”  Model this while using a short article on the overhead.  Cross out unimportant information, star the big purpose for the article, and underline words that teach us details and facts.  Then go back and choose a topic sentence and write it at the top of the article.  Leave this example on the board for students to view while working on their own.

3. Pass out the article "Polar Bears Listed as Threatened" from the National Geographic Kids (April 12, 2009) to each student. Have students read the article silently to themselves.  Give them a copy of the 5 steps to follow while reading.

4. After they have finished, go over the five steps of summarization again. Ask the students questions to help them pick out important parts of the story.

“Who can tell me why Polar Bears are now being considered threatened? What are some things we can do to help save them?  What are some important words that tell you about this important issue?” These questions help students pick out the important details of the story as well as get the main idea.

5. Allow the students to work in partners to make sure they did each of the steps correctly.

6.  Have the students individually write a five sentence summary starting with the topic sentence and then explaining it with the rest of the paragraph.

7. Monitor the students summarizing their stories by walking around and observing. Help students who may be struggling and offer positive comments.

8. Have the students turn in their summaries. Read each one to determine the students' understanding. Check for:

-the  summary is accurate 

-summary is concise with only the most important details

-unimportant details are ommitted

-an appropriate  topic sentence was selected

References:

 

 

Bugg, Katie. http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/sightings/buggrl.html

 

Cherof, Cassie http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/sightings/hoodrl.html


 Roach, John. 14 May 2008. National Geographic Kids. Retrieved 12 April 2009.

http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/Stories/AnimalsNature/Polar-bears-threatened

 

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