Summing It Up!

Callie Daniels
Reading to Learn

Rationale: The ultimate goal in reading is comprehension. This lesson will teach students a summarizing strategy they can use to better comprehend what they’ve read. This lesson will teach students how to remember the important parts of what they’ve read in order to create a topic sentence summarizing the text.

 Materials:
1) Poster with Summarization Rules on it:

            -Get rid of unimportant information

            -Get rid of repeated information

            -Super-ordinate items and events under one umbrella term

            -Select a topic

            -Write a topic sentence covering everything that was important from the passage.

2) Highlighters (one for each student)

3) Paper (one for each student)

4) Pencils (one for each student)

5) Black Markers (one for each student)

6) Article (one for each student)   Cow Power By: Catherine Clarke Fox            http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/Stories/SpaceScience/Cow-power

7) Poster with paragraph on it from “Gorilla Rescue”  (found at http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/Stories/AnimalsNature/Gorillarescue

             "The poachers—illegal hunters—had finally found a buyer for their stolen goods.           A meeting was arranged, and when the buyer asked to see the merchandise, they                         brought out a small duffel bag and unzipped it. Inside was a terrified one-year-old      baby gorilla."

8) Checklist with summarization rules on it:

 

Did the Student…

Yes

No

Get rid of unimportant information

 

 

Get rid of repeated information

 

 

Super-ordinate items and events

 

 

Select a topic

 

 

Write a topic sentence that covers everything important from the text

 

 

Procedures:

1) Introduce the lesson by explaining what we will be doing today. "Today we are going to learn a new comprehension strategy called summarization.  Can anyone tell me what summarization means? Great! Summarization means to take the most important information from a text out of the passage. When we summarize a passage, it helps us better remember and understand what we’ve read."

2) Review the fluency strategies with the students so that they can use them while reading the article. "Who remember what we do when we are struggling with a word? That's right, we crosscheck! For example if I was going to read this sentence on the board (The dog ran far away from me.) and I read it like this, ‘The /duuuug ran far away from me' I would use my crosschecking skills to figure out that it didn’t make sense and then reread the sentence correctly as:  The dog ran far away from me."

3) Next I will display the poster with the summarizing rules on it and explain each rule: "These are the rules we are going to follow while summarizing our passages. They are going to help us better understand the text." Read each rule aloud and take any questions the students might have. Then model how to use the rules.  Use poster with "Gorilla Rescue" paragraph on it to model.  "Now I am going to read this passage on this poster board.  I want you to read it silently and then we will together write a topic sentence. When everyone is finished reading we summarize the passage together."

4) Read the paragraph aloud. "The poachers—illegal hunters—had finally found a buyer for their stolen goods. A meeting was arranged, and when the buyer asked to see the merchandise, they brought out a small duffel bag and unzipped it. Inside was a terrified one-year-old baby gorilla." After reading the passage aloud, model how to do each rule. "The first rule says to get rid of unimportant information. To get rid of unimportant information we are going to cross it out with our black marker.  First I will mark out '–illegal hunters-.' Next, I am going to cross out '…when the buyers asked to see the merchandise….and unzipped it.  I need to remember that the poachers had finally bound a buyer for their stolen goods and a meeting was arranged and they brought out a small duffel bag and inside was a terrified one-year-old baby gorilla.  The second rule is to get rid of the repeated information.  There is no repeated information in this passage.  We can now go to rule number three which is to super-ordinate items and events under one umbrella term.  I am going to highlight – 'The poachers had finally found a buyer for their stolen goods, ' and 'A meeting was arranged and they brought out a small duffel bag and inside was a terrified one-year-old baby gorilla.'   These are the most important ideas in this passage.  The umbrella term for this passage is the selling of a one-year-old baby gorilla.  The next step is to decide on the topic of the passage, which is the baby gorilla.  The last step is to compile a topic sentence.  My topic statement is as follows: 'The poachers had found a buyer for their stolen goods, arranged a meeting and showed them a terrified one-year-old baby gorilla.'  This is how you apply the summarization rules that are displayed on the board."

5) Pass out the article "Cow Power" to each student along with the pencils, paper, highlighters, black marker and the checklist. Then say "I have given each of you an article and all the materials you will need to summarize this passage. I want each of you to silently read the passage and use the rules and your checklist to summarize the text." Then give an article talk to pique the students' interest. "Did you know that cow's make a big contribution to making power? Read this article to find out how cow's manure can provide electricity to over 400 homes!" "Remember to use your checklist and follow the rules. Once everyone has finished writing their sentence we will share them with the class."

6) For assessment use the same checklist in the materials section that the students used to evaluate each of their summarizations.  Each student will be evaluated on their ability to delete the trivial and repeated information, find the important information, and create a one topic and summarizing sentence.  After everyone has shared their sentences, I will ask questions about the text in a class discussion to make sure that everyone comprehends and understands what they read.

References:

1) Get to the Point! By Tammy Bauer –Reading Genie

            http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/voyages/bauerrl.html

2) National Geographic for Kids: Cow Power By: Catherine Clarke Fox            http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/Stories/SpaceScience/Cow-power

3) National Geographic for Kids: Gorilla Rescue By:  Scott Elder             http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/Stories/AnimalsNature/Gorillarescue)

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