That About Sums It Up!



Mary Lawrence Chandler

Reading to Learn

Rationale: One of the most important components of learning to read is understanding what it is you are reading. Children can learn summarizing skills to help them retain important ideas from a story. It is important for students to learn how to excerpt critical information from a text selection, especially in expository text. This lesson will help them focus in on summarization skills and deciding what is the most important information in the text.

Materials

Copies of the book Dogs and Cats by Steve Jenkins (2007) Houghton Mifflin Co., timer, journals, pencils, white classroom board, markers

Procedures

1)  I will begin the lesson by explaining the importance of summarization. “Does anyone know what summarization means? It means taking the main ideas out of a passage and writing a brief description of what you read. They are concise was to remember what you read.”

2)  I will also explain why this is important in reading. I will explain that one of the main purposes of reading is to gain understanding though comprehension. We read to learn things and comprehension means understanding what you have read.

3)  Book talk: “I’m sure many of you love dogs or cats but I bet there are things you may not know about these household pets. This book, Dogs and Cats by Steve Jenkins gives you lots of interesting facts about these animals. To find out new and exciting things about dogs and cats, you’ll have to read the book!”

4)  I am going to pass out these books to everyone and I want you to read silently to yourself until the timer goes off. When the time is up, I want you to summarize what you read in your journal today.

5)  I will further explain how to do the journal entry by reading the first page to the students and modeling how I would summarize by taking out the unnecessary information. There are three things they must remember 1) take out the unnecessary information 2) keep in the most important ideas 3) combine ideas that seem similar

First page: “Cats can be hard to understand. They act friendly and affectionate one moment, and aloof and mysterious the next. Cats are the most popular pets in the world.  They are also nearly perfect predators with stealth, speed and senses matched by no other animal. How did these fierce independent hunters become our companions? What makes them act the way they do?”

Take out: “Cats can be hard to understand. They act friendly and affectionate one moment, and aloof and mysterious the next. How did these fierce independent hunters become our companions? What makes them act the way they do?”

My Summary: Cats are the most popular pets in the world. They are fast and excellent predators and yet we keep them for pets.

6)  Students will begin reading for comprehension and summarization until the time is up. They will complete their journal assignments

Assessment:

Students will be assessed by their completion of their journal entry. I will read their summarization and look and what information they took out and what they felt was most important to keep in. Students must follow the three rules to get full credit.

 

Ideas Met

Somewhat Met

Not Met

Was unnecessary information taken out?

 

 

 

Were the most important ideas kept?

 

 

 

Were similar ideas combined?

 

 

 

 

References:

Barton, Kimberly. “Star Summarizers.” http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/odysseys/bartonrl.html

Jenkins, Steve. Dogs and Cats. (2007) Houghton Mifflin Co, New York New York.

Wiggins, Jessie. “Let’s Get to the Point.” http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/odysseys/wigginsrl.html

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